Gross domestic product contracted at a 0.5 percent annual pace from July through September, the most since the 2001 recession, according to revised figures from the Commerce Department today in Washington. The government’s advance estimate issued last month showed a 0.3 percent decline.
The world’s largest economy has sunk into an even deeper recession this quarter as the credit crunch, the worsening housing market, and mounting job losses cause consumers and businesses to retrench. President-elect Barack Obama yesterday warned that the U.S. may lose millions of jobs” should the federal government not quickly enact an economic-stimulus package.
Today’s GDP report is the second of three estimates. The economy grew at a 2.8 percent pace in the previous three months.
Corporate profits, including estimates for the value of inventories and adjustments for capital investments, dropped 0.9 percent from the previous three months, hurt by $46.2 billion in insurance payments and losses caused by Hurricane Ike. It was the seventh decline in the last eight quarters.
Consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of the economy, dropped at a revised 3.7 percent annual rate, more than the 3.1 percent decrease estimated by the government last month. It was the first decline since 1991 and the biggest since 1980, after President Jimmy Carter imposed credit controls.
Americans may pull back further after employers fired 240,000 workers in October and the unemployment rate jumped to the highest level since 1994.
Wage figures showed a smaller gain than previously estimated in the second quarter, reflecting the weakening job market. Salaries grew $13.3 billion in the second quarter, $37.3 billion less than Commerce’s earlier forecast.
Today’s revisions may cause some economists to lower their GDP forecast for the last three months of 2008. Companies cut inventories at a slower pace than previously estimated, indicating more production cuts may be on the way as spending weakens.
Residential construction fell at a 17.6 percent pace, less than the prior estimate. Home starts and permits for future construction both dropped to record lows in October, according to Commerce figures, indicating the housing recession will extend into a fourth year. Home resales also fell in October and prices plunged by the most on record, a private report showed yesterday.
A narrowing trade gap helped prevent an even deeper slump last quarter. Still, the economy may not be able to depend on continued assistance in coming months. American exports will decline as the International Monetary Fund predicts downturns next year in the U.S., Japan and the euro region, the first simultaneous recession since the end of World War II.
The National Bureau of Economic Research, the Cambridge, Massachusetts-based official arbiter of U.S. economic cycles, has yet to call a recession.
The group bases its assessment on indicators including GDP, employment, sales, incomes and industrial production, and usually takes six to 18 months to make a determination. According to the NBER, the last recession lasted from March to November 2001.