United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar

US unemployment rate fell one-tenth of a percentage point to 4.3 percent in July 2017, matching a 16-year low touched in May. The number of unemployed persons was little changed at 7.0 million while the labor force participation rate edged up to 62.9 percent. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.80 percent from 1948 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Unemployment Rate Falls to 4.3%


US unemployment rate fell one-tenth of a percentage point to 4.3 percent in July 2017, matching a 16-year low touched in May. The number of unemployed persons was little changed at 7.0 million while the labor force participation rate edged up to 62.9 percent.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.0 percent), adult  women (4.0 percent), teenagers (13.2 percent), Whites (3.8 percent), Blacks (7.4 percent),  Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics (5.1 percent) showed little or no change in July. 

Among the unemployed, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or  more) was little changed at 1.8 million in July and accounted for 25.9 percent of the unemployed.

The labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent, changed little in July and has shown little movement on net over the past year. The employment-population ratio (60.2 percent) was also little changed in July but is up by 0.4 percentage point over the year. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 5.3 million, was essentially unchanged in July. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

There were 1.6 million persons marginally attached to the labor force, down by 321,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 536,000 discouraged workers in July, essentially unchanged over the year. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
8/4/2017 2:24:51 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2017-06-02 12:30 PM May 4.3% 4.4% 4.4% 4.4%
2017-07-07 12:30 PM Jun 4.4% 4.3% 4.3% 4.3%
2017-08-04 12:30 PM Jul 4.3% 4.4% 4.3% 4.4%
2017-09-01 12:30 PM Aug 4.3% 4.3% 4.3%
2017-10-06 12:30 PM Sep 4.4%
2017-11-03 01:30 PM Oct 4.4%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.30 4.40 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 209.00 231.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 205.00 187.00 1089.00 -816.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 4.00 37.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 16.00 12.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 232.00 244.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1953.00 1956.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 178.00 191.00 384.00 -846.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 153513.00 153168.00 153513.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 6981.00 6977.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.30 0.20 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.50 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.90 62.80 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.11 1.04 2.80 1.01 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 9.00 9.10 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 108.79 108.62 109.00 17.12 Index Points [+]
Productivity 107.90 107.70 107.90 27.60 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 6138.00 5665.00 6371.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 6163.00 5702.00 6163.00 2196.00 Thousands [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 28307.00 31105.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.10 22.04 22.10 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 20.96 20.77 20.96 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 2.95 3.49 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.50 0.80 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index 1.50 3.30 32.00 -48.40 Index Points [+]
Population 324.30 322.06 324.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Living Wage Family 1496.20 1497.50 1497.50 1433.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1407.76 1399.20 1407.76 1302.75 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27535.00 27142.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 125921.00 125975.00 125987.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 60.20 60.10 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1780.00 1810.00 1860.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4130.00 4150.00 4150.00 4000.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate Notes

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on August of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.30 4.40 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2017 percent Monthly



unemployment rate by Country

Last
Spain 17.22 Jun/17
Brazil 13.00 Jun/17
Italy 11.10 Jun/17
Turkey 10.20 May/17
France 9.50 Jun/17
Euro Area 9.10 Jun/17
Canada 6.30 Jul/17
Australia 5.60 Jul/17
Indonesia 5.33 Mar/17
Russia 5.10 Jul/17
India 4.90 Dec/13
Netherlands 4.80 Jul/17
United Kingdom 4.40 Jun/17
United States 4.30 Jul/17
China 3.95 Jun/17
Germany 3.80 Jun/17
South Korea 3.60 Jul/17
Mexico 3.30 Jun/17
Switzerland 3.00 Jul/17
Japan 2.80 Jun/17