United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The US unemployment rate fell to 3.9 percent in July 2018 from 4.0 percent in June, matching market expectations. The jobless rate touched an 18-year low of 3.8% in May. The number of unemployed persons declined by 284,000 to 6.3 million and employment was almost unchanged at 156.0 million. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.77 percent from 1948 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Jobless Rate Decreases to 3.9% in July


The US unemployment rate fell to 3.9 percent in July 2018 from 4.0 percent in June, matching market expectations. The jobless rate touched an 18-year low of 3.8% in May. The number of unemployed persons declined by 284,000 to 6.3 million and employment was almost unchanged at 156.0 million.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.4 percent) and Whites (3.4 percent) declined in July. The jobless rates for adult women (3.7 percent), teenagers (13.1 percent), Blacks (6.6 percent), Asians (3.1 percent), and Hispanics (4.5 percent) showed little or no change over the month.

Among the unemployed, the number of reentrants to the labor force decreased by 287,000 in July to 1.8 million, following an increase in June. (Reentrants are persons who previously worked but were not in the labor force prior to beginning their job search.) 

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 1.4 million in July and accounted for 22.7 percent of the unemployed. 

The labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent in July, was unchanged over the month and over the year. The employment-population ratio, at 60.5 percent, was little changed in July but has increased by 0.3 percentage point over the year. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in July, at 4.6 million, but was down by 669,000 over the year. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs.

In July, 1.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little different from a year earlier. (Data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. 

Among the marginally attached, there were 512,000 discouraged workers in July, little changed from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.0 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

Non farm payrolls in the United States increased by 157 thousand in July of 2018, following an upwardly revised 248 thousand in June and below market expectations of 190 thousand. Job gains occurred in professional and business services (+51,000), in manufacturing (+37,000), and in health care and social assistance (+33,500).



BLS | Luisa Carvalho | luisa.carvalho@tradingeconomics.com
8/3/2018 1:20:08 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-06-01 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.8% 3.9% 3.9% 3.9%
2018-07-06 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4% 3.8% 3.8% 3.8%
2018-08-03 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 4% 3.9% 4%
2018-09-07 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 3.9%
2018-10-05 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9%
2018-11-02 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 3.90 4.00 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 157.00 248.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 170.00 234.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls -13.00 14.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 37.00 33.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 213.00 219.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1755.00 1726.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 219.00 181.00 384.00 -836.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 155965.00 155576.00 155965.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 6280.00 6564.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.30 0.10 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.60 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.90 62.90 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 0.74 0.80 2.80 0.74 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 8.60 8.90 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 109.35 109.59 109.59 17.00 Index Points [+]
Productivity 105.08 104.34 105.08 26.03 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 6653.00 6671.00 7195.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 6662.00 6659.00 6840.00 2196.00 Thousand [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 27122.00 37202.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.65 22.62 22.65 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.89 4.52 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 21.43 21.40 21.49 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.60 0.80 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Population 325.72 323.41 325.72 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Rate 60.50 60.40 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Full Time Employment 129021.00 128568.00 129021.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Part Time Employment 26992.00 27028.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Living Wage Family 2240.00 2150.00 2240.00 2120.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1540.00 1460.00 1540.00 1420.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4290.00 4120.00 4320.00 3640.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages Low Skilled 2090.00 1830.00 2100.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on August of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
3.90 4.00 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2018 percent Monthly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
Spain 15.30 Jun/18
Brazil 12.40 Jun/18
Italy 10.90 Jun/18
Turkey 9.70 May/18
France 9.10 Jun/18
Euro Area 8.30 Jun/18
Canada 5.80 Jul/18
Australia 5.30 Jul/18
Indonesia 5.13 Mar/18
Russia 4.70 Jun/18
United Kingdom 4.00 Jun/18
United States 3.90 Jul/18
China 3.83 Jun/18
Netherlands 3.80 Jul/18
South Korea 3.70 Jun/18
India 3.52 Dec/17
Germany 3.40 Jun/18
Mexico 3.40 Jun/18
Japan 2.40 Jun/18
Switzerland 2.40 Jul/18


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