United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The US unemployment rate fell to 3.9 percent in April 2018 from 4.1 percent in the previous month, and below market expectations of 4 percent. It was the lowest rate since December 2000, as 236 thousand people exited the labor force. The number of unemployed decreased by 239 thousand to 6.35 million and employment was almost unchanged at 155.18 million. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.78 percent from 1948 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Jobless Rate Drops to Near 17-1/2-Year Low


The US unemployment rate fell to 3.9 percent in April 2018 from 4.1 percent in the previous month, and below market expectations of 4 percent. It was the lowest rate since December 2000, as 236 thousand people exited the labor force. The number of unemployed decreased by 239 thousand to 6.35 million and employment was almost unchanged at 155.18 million.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult women decreased to 3.5 percent in April. The jobless rates for adult men (3.7 percent), teenagers (12.9 percent), Whites (3.6 percent), Blacks (6.6 percent), Asians (2.8 percent), and Hispanics (4.8 percent) showed little or no change over the month.

Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs declined by 188,000 in April to 3.0 million.

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 1.3 million in April and accounted for 20.0 percent of the unemployed. Over the year, the number of long-term unemployed was down by 340,000.

The labor force participation rate fell to 62.8 percent in April from 62.9 percent in the previous month, and the employment-population ratio declined to 60.3 percent from 60.4 percent.

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged at 5.0 million in April. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or because they were unable to find full-time jobs.

There were 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force, down by 172,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 408,000 discouraged workers in April, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.0 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in April had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.


BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
5/4/2018 12:52:53 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-03-09 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1% 4% 4.1%
2018-04-06 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1% 4% 4.1%
2018-05-04 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 4.1% 4% 4.1%
2018-06-01 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 3.9%
2018-07-06 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.0%
2018-08-03 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 3.90 4.10 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 164.00 135.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 168.00 135.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls -4.00 0.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 24.00 22.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 222.00 211.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1707.00 1794.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 204.00 228.00 384.00 -836.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 155181.00 155178.00 155215.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 6346.00 6585.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.10 0.20 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.50 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.80 62.90 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 0.80 0.82 2.80 0.80 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 8.40 8.50 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 109.97 109.25 109.97 17.13 Index Points [+]
Productivity 109.13 108.94 109.13 27.62 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 6469.00 5893.00 6502.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 6550.00 6078.00 6550.00 2196.00 Thousand [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 36081.00 60357.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.51 22.46 22.51 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.45 4.33 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 21.49 21.35 21.49 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.80 0.60 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Population 325.72 323.41 325.72 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Rate 60.30 60.40 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Full Time Employment 127753.00 127434.00 127753.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Part Time Employment 27508.00 27858.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Living Wage Family 2240.00 2150.00 2240.00 2120.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1540.00 1460.00 1540.00 1420.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4290.00 4120.00 4320.00 3640.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages Low Skilled 2090.00 1830.00 2100.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
3.90 4.10 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2018 percent Monthly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
Spain 16.74 Mar/18
Brazil 13.10 Mar/18
Italy 11.00 Mar/18
Turkey 10.60 Feb/18
France 9.20 Mar/18
Euro Area 8.50 Mar/18
Canada 5.80 Apr/18
Australia 5.60 Apr/18
Indonesia 5.13 Mar/18
Russia 4.90 Apr/18
United Kingdom 4.20 Mar/18
Netherlands 3.90 Apr/18
United States 3.90 Apr/18
China 3.89 Mar/18
South Korea 3.80 Apr/18
India 3.52 Dec/17
Germany 3.40 Mar/18
Mexico 2.90 Mar/18
Switzerland 2.70 Apr/18
Japan 2.50 Mar/18


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