United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar

US unemployment rate unexpectedly rose to 4.4 percent in August 2017 from 4.3 percent in the previous month and above market consensus of 4.3 percent. The number of unemployed persons increased by 151 thousand to 7.1 million while the labor force participation rate was flat at 62.9 percent. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.80 percent from 1948 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Jobless Rate Unexpectedly Rises to 4.4% in August


US unemployment rate unexpectedly rose to 4.4 percent in August 2017 from 4.3 percent in the previous month and above market consensus of 4.3 percent. The number of unemployed persons increased by 151 thousand to 7.1 million.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.1 percent), adult women (4.0 percent), teenagers (13.6 percent), Whites (3.9 percent), Blacks (7.7 percent), Asians (4.0 percent), and Hispanics (5.2 percent) showed little or no change in August. 

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged in August at 1.7 million and accounted for 24.7 percent of the unemployed.

The labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent, was unchanged in August and has shown little movement on net over the past year. The employment-population ratio, at 60.1 percent, was little changed over the month and thus far this year. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged at 5.3 million in August and has shown little movement in recent months. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 

There were 1.5 million persons marginally attached to the labor force, about the same as a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 448,000 discouraged workers in August, down 128,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in August had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
9/1/2017 12:38:58 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-07-07 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.4% 4.3% 4.3% 4.3%
2017-08-04 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.3% 4.4% 4.3% 4.4%
2017-09-01 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.4% 4.3% 4.3% 4.3%
2017-10-06 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.4% 4.5%
2017-11-03 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.5%
2017-12-08 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.5%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.40 4.30 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 156.00 189.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 165.00 202.00 1089.00 -816.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls -9.00 -13.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 36.00 26.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 259.00 284.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1980.00 1936.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 237.00 201.00 384.00 -846.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 153439.00 153513.00 153513.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 7132.00 6981.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.10 0.30 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.40 34.50 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.90 62.90 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.08 1.11 2.80 1.01 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 8.90 9.00 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 108.81 108.75 109.07 17.12 Index Points [+]
Productivity 108.08 107.66 108.08 27.60 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 6502.00 6138.00 6502.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 6170.00 6116.00 6170.00 2196.00 Thousands [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 33825.00 28307.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.12 22.08 22.12 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 20.85 20.96 20.96 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 2.95 3.49 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.50 0.80 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index 1.50 3.30 32.00 -48.40 Index Points [+]
Population 324.30 322.06 324.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Living Wage Family 1496.20 1497.50 1497.50 1433.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1407.76 1399.20 1407.76 1302.75 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27569.00 27535.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 125755.00 125921.00 125987.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 60.10 60.20 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1780.00 1810.00 1860.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4130.00 4150.00 4150.00 4000.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on September of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.40 4.30 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2017 percent Monthly




unemployment rate by Country

Last
Spain 17.22 Jun/17
Brazil 12.80 Jul/17
Italy 11.30 Jul/17
Turkey 10.20 Jun/17
France 9.50 Jun/17
Euro Area 9.10 Jul/17
Canada 6.20 Aug/17
Australia 5.60 Aug/17
Indonesia 5.33 Mar/17
India 4.90 Dec/13
Russia 4.90 Aug/17
Netherlands 4.70 Aug/17
United States 4.40 Aug/17
United Kingdom 4.30 Jul/17
China 3.95 Jun/17
South Korea 3.80 Aug/17
Germany 3.70 Jul/17
Mexico 3.40 Jul/17
Switzerland 3.00 Aug/17
Japan 2.80 Jul/17