United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The unemployment rate in the US declined to 3.7 percent in September of 2018 from 3.9 percent in each of the previous two months and below market expectations of 3.8 percent. It is the lowest jobless rate since December of 1969. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 270,000 to 6.0 million. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons declined by 0.5 percentage point and 795,000, respectively. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.77 percent from 1948 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Jobless Rate Down to Near 49-Year Low of 3.7%


The unemployment rate in the US declined to 3.7 percent in September of 2018 from 3.9 percent in each of the previous two months and below market expectations of 3.8 percent. It is the lowest jobless rate since December of 1969. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 270,000 to 6.0 million. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons declined by 0.5 percentage point and 795,000, respectively.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult women (3.3 percent) and Whites (3.3 percent) declined in September. The jobless rates for adult men (3.4 percent), teenagers (12.8 percent), Blacks (6.0 percent), Asians (3.5 percent), and Hispanics (4.5 percent) showed little or no change over the month.

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 1.4 million over the month; these individuals accounted for 22.9 percent of the unemployed. 

In September, the labor force participation rate remained at 62.7 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 60.4 percent, was little changed. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) increased by 263,000 to 4.6 million in September. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs. 

In September, 1.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (Data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. 

Among the marginally attached, there were 383,000 discouraged workers in September, about unchanged from a year earlier. (Data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.2 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in September had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance for family responsibilities. 


BLS | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
10/5/2018 12:59:04 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-08-03 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 4% 3.9% 4%
2018-09-07 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 3.9% 3.8% 3.9%
2018-10-05 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.7% 3.9% 3.8% 3.9%
2018-11-02 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.7% 3.7% 3.9%
2018-12-07 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 3.70 3.90 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 134.00 270.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 121.00 254.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 13.00 16.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 18.00 5.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 210.00 215.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1640.00 1653.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 230.00 168.00 384.00 -836.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 155962.00 155542.00 155965.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 5964.00 6234.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.30 0.30 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.50 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.70 62.70 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 0.82 0.88 2.80 0.74 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 8.50 8.40 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 109.33 109.60 109.60 17.00 Index Points [+]
Productivity 105.08 104.34 105.08 26.03 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 7291.00 7313.00 7313.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 7136.00 7077.00 7136.00 2196.00 Thousand [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 55285.00 38472.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.81 22.73 22.81 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.79 4.66 13.78 -5.88 percent [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 21.60 21.42 21.60 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.60 0.80 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Population 325.72 323.41 325.72 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Rate 60.40 60.30 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Full Time Employment 128894.00 128577.00 129021.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Part Time Employment 27055.00 26913.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Living Wage Family 2240.00 2150.00 2240.00 2120.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1540.00 1460.00 1540.00 1420.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4290.00 4120.00 4320.00 3640.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages Low Skilled 2090.00 1830.00 2100.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on October of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
3.70 3.90 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2018 percent Monthly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
South Africa 27.20 Jun/18
Spain 15.30 Jun/18
Brazil 12.10 Aug/18
Turkey 10.80 Jul/18
Italy 9.70 Aug/18
Argentina 9.60 Jun/18
France 9.10 Jun/18
Euro Area 8.10 Aug/18
Saudi Arabia 6.10 Mar/18
Canada 5.90 Sep/18
Indonesia 5.13 Mar/18
Australia 5.00 Sep/18
Russia 4.50 Sep/18
South Korea 4.00 Sep/18
United Kingdom 4.00 Aug/18
China 3.83 Jun/18
Netherlands 3.70 Sep/18
United States 3.70 Sep/18
India 3.52 Dec/17
Mexico 3.50 Aug/18
Germany 3.40 Aug/18
Japan 2.40 Aug/18
Switzerland 2.40 Sep/18
Singapore 2.10 Jun/18


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