United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

US unemployment rate stood at a 17-year low of 4.1 percent in January 2018, unchanged from the previous month and in line with market consensus. The number of unemployed increased by 108 thousand to 6.68 million. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.79 percent from 1948 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Jobless Rate Holds Steady at 17-Year Low


US unemployment rate stood at a 17-year low of 4.1 percent in January 2018, unchanged from the previous month and in line with market consensus. The number of unemployed increased by 108 thousand to 6.68 million.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Blacks increased to 7.7 percent in January, and the rate for Whites edged down to 3.5 percent. The jobless rates for adult men (3.9 percent), adult women (3.6 percent), teenagers (13.9 percent), Asians (3.0 percent), and Hispanics (5.0 percent) showed little change.

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 1.4 million in January and accounted for 21.5 percent of the unemployed.

The labor force participation rate was 62.7 percent for the fourth consecutive month and the employment-population ratio was 60.1 percent for the third month in a row.

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged at 5.0 million in January. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.

In January, 1.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 451,000 discouraged workers in January, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.2 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in January had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.


BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
2/2/2018 1:34:13 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-12-08 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1% 4.1% 4.1%
2018-01-05 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1% 4.1% 4.1%
2018-02-02 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1% 4.1% 4.1%
2018-03-09 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1% 4.1%
2018-04-06 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.1%
2018-05-04 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4.2%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.10 4.10 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 200.00 160.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 196.00 166.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 4.00 -6.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 15.00 21.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 222.00 229.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1875.00 1948.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 234.00 242.00 384.00 -846.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 154430.00 154021.00 154430.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 6684.00 6576.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.30 0.40 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.30 34.50 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.70 62.70 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 0.88 0.94 2.80 0.88 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 9.20 8.90 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 108.93 108.40 109.07 17.12 Index Points [+]
Productivity 108.77 108.80 108.80 27.60 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 5359.00 5661.00 6502.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5811.00 5978.00 6177.00 2196.00 Thousand [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 44653.00 32423.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.34 22.31 22.34 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 21.37 21.20 21.37 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.47 3.61 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.60 0.70 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Population 324.30 322.06 324.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Rate 60.10 60.10 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Living Wage Family 2240.00 2150.00 2240.00 2120.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1540.00 1460.00 1540.00 1420.00 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27271.00 27257.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 127016.00 126723.00 127016.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Wages Low Skilled 2090.00 1830.00 2100.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4290.00 4120.00 4320.00 3640.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on February of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.10 4.10 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2018 percent Monthly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
Spain 16.55 Dec/17
Brazil 11.80 Dec/17
Italy 10.80 Dec/17
Turkey 10.30 Nov/17
France 8.90 Dec/17
Euro Area 8.70 Dec/17
Canada 5.90 Jan/18
Australia 5.50 Jan/18
Indonesia 5.50 Sep/17
Russia 5.20 Jan/18
United Kingdom 4.40 Dec/17
Netherlands 4.20 Jan/18
United States 4.10 Jan/18
China 3.90 Dec/17
Germany 3.60 Dec/17
South Korea 3.60 Jan/18
India 3.46 Dec/16
Switzerland 3.30 Jan/18
Mexico 3.10 Dec/17
Japan 2.80 Dec/17


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