United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Unemployment Rate in the United States increased to 4.40 percent in June from 4.30 percent in May of 2017. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.80 percent from 1948 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2017-05-05 12:30 PM Apr 4.4% 4.5% 4.6% 4.7%
2017-06-02 12:30 PM May 4.3% 4.4% 4.4% 4.4%
2017-07-07 12:30 PM Jun 4.4% 4.3% 4.3% 4.3%
2017-08-04 12:30 PM Jul 4.4% 4.6%
2017-09-01 12:30 PM Aug 4.7%
2017-10-06 12:30 PM Sep 4.4%




US Unemployment Rate Unexpectedly Rises To 4.4% In June


US unemployment rate rose to 4.4 percent in June 2017 from the previous month's 16-year low of 4.3 percent and above market expectations of 4.3 percent. The number of unemployed persons was little changed at 7.0 million while the labor force participation rate edged up to 62.8 percent.

Since January, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed are down by 0.4 percentage point and 658,000, respectively. 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.0 percent), adult women (4.0 percent), teenagers (13.3 percent), Whites (3.8 percent), Blacks (7.1 percent), Asians (3.6 percent), and Hispanics (4.8 percent) showed little or no change in June.

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was unchanged at 1.7 million in June and accounted for 24.3 percent of the unemployed. Over the year, the number of long-term unemployed was down by 322,000. 

The labor force participation rate, at 62.8 percent, changed little in June and has shown no clear trend over the past year. The employment-population ratio (60.1 percent) was also little changed in June and has held fairly steady thus far this year. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 5.3 million, changed little in June. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.

There were 1.6 million persons marginally attached to the labor force, down by 197,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 514,000 discouraged workers in June, little different from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 

BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
7/7/2017 12:45:14 PM



United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.40 4.30 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 222.00 152.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 187.00 159.00 1089.00 -816.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 35.00 -7.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 1.00 -2.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 233.00 248.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1977.00 1949.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 158.00 230.00 384.00 -846.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 153168.00 152923.00 153168.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 6977.00 6861.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.20 0.10 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.40 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.80 62.70 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 1.04 1.04 2.80 1.01 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 9.10 8.80 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 110.04 109.45 110.75 17.12 Index Points [+]
Productivity 107.50 107.50 107.50 27.60 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 5665.00 6371.00 6371.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 5666.00 5967.00 5973.00 2196.00 Thousands [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 31105.00 33092.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.03 21.99 22.03 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 20.74 20.77 20.84 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 2.95 3.49 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.80 0.50 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Labor Market Conditions Index 1.50 3.30 32.00 -48.40 Index Points [+]
Population 324.30 322.06 324.30 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Living Wage Family 1496.20 1497.50 2680.00 1433.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1407.76 1399.20 1407.76 1302.75 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 27142.00 27366.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 125975.00 125620.00 125987.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 60.10 60.00 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1780.00 1810.00 1860.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4130.00 4150.00 4150.00 4000.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate Notes

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on July of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.40 4.30 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2017 percent Monthly



unemployment rate by Country

Last
Spain 18.75 Mar/17
Brazil 13.30 May/17
Italy 11.30 May/17
Turkey 10.50 Apr/17
France 9.60 Mar/17
Euro Area 9.30 May/17
Canada 6.50 Jun/17
Australia 5.60 Jun/17
Indonesia 5.33 Mar/17
Russia 5.10 Jun/17
India 4.90 Dec/13
Netherlands 4.90 Jun/17
United Kingdom 4.50 May/17
United States 4.40 Jun/17
China 3.97 Mar/17
Germany 3.90 May/17
South Korea 3.80 Jun/17
Mexico 3.60 May/17
Japan 3.10 May/17
Switzerland 3.00 Jun/17