United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The US unemployment rate rose to 4 percent in June 2018 from 3.8 percent in the previous month, which was the lowest since April 2000 and above market expectations of 3.8 percent. The number of unemployed persons increased by 499,000 to 6.6 million. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.78 percent from 1948 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Jobless Rate Rises to 4% in June


The US unemployment rate rose to 4 percent in June 2018 from 3.8 percent in the previous month, which was the lowest since April 2000. The number came above market expectations of 3.8 percent as more entered the labor force.

The number of unemployed persons increased by 499,000 to 6.6 million. A year earlier, the jobless rate was 4.3 percent, and the number of unemployed persons was 7.0 million.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.7 percent), adult women (3.7 percent), and Asians (3.2 percent) increased in June. The jobless rate for teenagers (12.6 percent), Whites (3.5 percent), Blacks (6.5 percent), and Hispanics (4.6 percent) showed little or no change over the month.

Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs increased by 211,000 in June to 3.1 million, and the number of reentrants to the labor force rose by 204,000 to 2.1 million. (Reentrants are persons who previously worked but were not in the labor force prior to beginning their job search.) 

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) increased by 289,000 in June to 1.5 million. These individuals accounted for 23.0 percent of theunemployed.

In June, the civilian labor force grew by 601,000. The labor force participation rate edged up by 0.2 percentage point over the month to 62.9 percent but has shown no clear trend thus far this year. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in June at 4.7 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs.

In June, 1.4 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little different from a year earlier. (Data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. 

Non farm payrolls in the United States increased by 213 thousand in June of 2018, following an upwardly revised 244 thousand in May and well above market expectations of 195 thousand. Job gains occurred in professional and business services, manufacturing, and health care, while employment in retail trade declined. 



Anna | anna@tradingeconomics.com
7/6/2018 12:43:42 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-05-04 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 4.1% 4% 4.1%
2018-06-01 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.8% 3.9% 3.9% 3.9%
2018-07-06 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4% 3.8% 3.8% 3.8%
2018-08-03 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4% 4%
2018-09-07 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9%
2018-10-05 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 4.00 3.80 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 213.00 244.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 202.00 239.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 11.00 5.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 36.00 19.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 207.00 215.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1751.00 1743.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 177.00 189.00 384.00 -836.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 155576.00 155474.00 155576.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 6564.00 6065.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.20 0.30 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.50 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.90 62.70 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 0.74 0.80 2.80 0.74 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 8.90 8.70 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 110.16 109.37 110.16 17.13 Index Points [+]
Productivity 109.05 108.94 109.05 27.62 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 6671.00 7195.00 7195.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 6638.00 6840.00 6840.00 2196.00 Thousand [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 37202.00 31517.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.62 22.59 22.62 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.89 4.52 13.77 -5.77 percent [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 21.40 21.39 21.49 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.80 0.60 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Population 325.72 323.41 325.72 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Rate 60.40 60.40 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Full Time Employment 128568.00 128657.00 128657.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Part Time Employment 27028.00 26883.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Living Wage Family 2240.00 2150.00 2240.00 2120.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1540.00 1460.00 1540.00 1420.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4290.00 4120.00 4320.00 3640.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages Low Skilled 2090.00 1830.00 2100.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on July of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.00 3.80 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2018 percent Monthly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
Spain 16.74 Mar/18
Brazil 12.70 May/18
Italy 10.70 May/18
Turkey 9.60 Apr/18
France 9.20 Mar/18
Euro Area 8.40 May/18
Canada 6.00 Jun/18
Australia 5.40 Jun/18
Indonesia 5.13 Mar/18
Russia 4.70 Jun/18
United Kingdom 4.20 May/18
United States 4.00 Jun/18
Netherlands 3.90 Jun/18
China 3.89 Mar/18
South Korea 3.70 Jun/18
India 3.52 Dec/17
Germany 3.40 May/18
Mexico 3.20 May/18
Switzerland 2.40 Jun/18
Japan 2.20 May/18


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