United States Inflation Rate  1914-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Annual inflation rate in the United States edged up to 2.5 percent in April of 2018 from 2.4 percent in March, matching market expectations. It is the highest rate since February of 2017. Core inflation was flat at 2.1 percent. On a monthly basis, consumer prices went up 0.2 percent, rebounding from a 0.1 percent drop in March but below forecasts of 0.3 percent. Inflation Rate in the United States averaged 3.27 percent from 1914 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 23.70 percent in June of 1920 and a record low of -15.80 percent in June of 1921.

United States Inflation Rate
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US Inflation Rate Highest in 14 Months


Annual inflation rate in the United States edged up to 2.5 percent in April of 2018 from 2.4 in March, matching market expectations. It is the highest rate since February of 2017 amid rises in gasoline, fuel and shelter cost.

Year-on-year, prices rose faster for fuel oil (22.6 percent from 20 percent in March); gasoline (13.4 percent from 11.1 percent); shelter (3.4 percent compared to 3.3 percent); medical care services (2.2 percent from 2.1 percent); food (1.4 percent from 1.3 percent); apparel (0.8 percent from 0.3 percent); and medical care commodities (1.9 percent from 1.4 percent). On the other hand, inflation eased for electricity (1.2 compared to 2.2 percent); transportation services (4.1 percent from 4.3 percent); and utility piped gas service (1 percent from 3.4 percent). Also, prices fell for used cars and trucks (-0.9 percent from 0.4 percent) and new vehicles (-1.6 percent from -1.2 percent). Core inflation which excludes food and energy was flat at 2.1 percent.

On a monthly basis, consumer prices went up 0.2 percent, rebounding from a 0.1 percent drop in March but below forecasts of 0.3 percent. The indexes for gasoline and shelter made the largest contributions. The gasoline index increased 3.0 percent, more than offsetting declines in other energy component indexes and led to a 1.4-percent rise in the energy index. The food index rose 0.3 percent, with the food at home index rising 0.3 percent and the index for food away from home increasing 0.2 percent. 

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in April, below 0.2 percent in March and forecasts of 0.2 percent. The shelter index rose 0.3 percent, with other indexes mixed. The indexes for household furnishings and operations, personal care, tobacco, medical care, and apparel all increased in April, while those for used cars and trucks, new vehicles, recreation, and airline fares all declined.



BLS | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
5/10/2018 12:57:50 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-03-13 12:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.2% 2.1% 2.2% 2.10%
2018-04-11 12:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.4% 2.2% 2.4% 2.2%
2018-05-10 12:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.5% 2.4% 2.5% 2.5%
2018-06-12 12:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.5% 2.3%
2018-07-12 12:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.3%
2018-08-10 12:30 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.4%


United States Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 2.50 2.40 23.70 -15.80 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.20 -0.10 1.80 -1.80 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 250.01 249.46 250.01 23.51 Index Points [+]
Core Consumer Prices 256.45 256.20 256.45 28.50 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 2.10 2.10 13.60 0.00 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 114.84 114.28 114.84 13.49 Index Points [+]
Producer Prices 115.50 115.40 115.50 100.20 Index Points [+]
Producer Prices Change 2.60 3.00 19.57 -6.86 percent [+]
Export Prices 127.00 126.30 135.30 82.40 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 126.90 126.50 147.50 75.00 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation 1.40 1.30 36.70 -34.30 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 256.97 256.39 256.97 30.50 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 210.73 207.85 223.54 22.30 Index Points [+]
Core Pce Price Index 114.65 114.48 114.65 17.60 Index Points [+]
Core Producer Prices 114.60 114.40 114.60 99.90 Index Points [+]
Pce Price Index 114.31 114.27 114.31 17.12 Index Points [+]
Inflation Expectations 2.98 2.75 3.40 2.42 percent [+]


United States Inflation Rate

In the United States, unadjusted Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers is based on the prices of a market basket of: food (14 percent of total weight), energy (9.3 percent), commodities less food and energy commodities (19.4 percent) and services less energy services (57.3 percent). The last category is divided by: shelter (32.1 percent), medical care services (5.8 percent) and transportation services (5.5 percent). This page provides - United States Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. United States Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.50 2.40 23.70 -15.80 1914 - 2018 percent Monthly
1982-1984=100, NSA




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Australia 1.90 Mar/18
Brazil 2.76 Apr/18
Canada 2.20 Apr/18
China 1.80 Apr/18
Euro Area 1.20 Apr/18
France 1.60 Apr/18
Germany 1.60 Apr/18
India 4.58 Apr/18
Indonesia 3.41 Apr/18
Italy 0.50 Apr/18
Japan 0.60 Apr/18
Mexico 4.55 Apr/18
Netherlands 0.90 Apr/18
Russia 2.40 Apr/18
South Korea 1.60 Apr/18
Spain 1.10 Apr/18
Switzerland 0.80 Apr/18
Turkey 10.85 Apr/18
United Kingdom 2.40 Apr/18
United States 2.50 Apr/18


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