United States Inflation Rate  1914-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Consumer prices in the United States increased 2.2 percent year-on-year in April of 2017, lower than 2.4 percent in March and below market expectations of 2.3 percent. It is the lowest inflation rate so far this year due to a slowdown in energy, transport and health cost. The monthly index increased 0.2 percent, recovering from a 0.3 percent fall in March and matching forecasts, boosted by prices of shelter, energy, tobacco and food. Inflation Rate in the United States averaged 3.28 percent from 1914 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 23.70 percent in June of 1920 and a record low of -15.80 percent in June of 1921.

United States Inflation Rate
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Calendar GMT Reference Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2017-03-15 12:30 PM Feb 2.7% 2.5% 2.7% 2.5%
2017-04-14 12:30 PM Mar 2.4% 2.7% 2.6% 2.7%
2017-05-12 12:30 PM Apr 2.2% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3%
2017-06-14 12:30 PM May 2.2% 2.2%
2017-07-14 12:30 PM Jun 2.1%
2017-08-11 12:30 PM Jul 2.1%




US Inflation Rate Lower Than Expected At 2.2%


Consumer prices in the United States increased 2.2 percent year-on-year in April of 2017, lower than 2.4 percent in March and below market expectations of 2.3 percent. It is the lowest inflation rate so far this year due to a slowdown in energy, transport and health cost. The monthly index increased 0.2 percent, recovering from a 0.3 percent fall in March and matching forecasts, boosted by prices of shelter, energy, tobacco and food.

Year-on-year, energy prices rose 9.3 percent, lower than 10.9 percent in March. In addition, inflation slowed for services less energy (2.79 percent from 2.9 percent in March), namely transportation services (3.1 percent from 3.8 percent) and medical care (3.1 percent from 3.4 percent). Inflation was steady for shelter (3.5 percent) and food (0.5 percent). 

Annual core inflation, which excludes food and energy eased to 1.9 percent from 2 percent in the previous month. It is the lowest core inflation since October of 2015 and below market expectations of 2 percent.

On a monthly basis, increases in prices for shelter, energy, tobacco, and food were the main contributors to the rise in the CPI. The energy index rose 1.1 percent, with all 3 of its major component indexes rising. The food index gained 0.2 percent, mostly due to a sharp increase in fresh vegetables.

Excluding food and energy, consumer prices edged up 0.1 percent in April after declining 0.1 percent in March. The shelter index went up 0.3 percent, and the tobacco index increased sharply over the month. However, many indexes declined, including those for wireless phone services, medical care, motor vehicle insurance, apparel, used cars and trucks, recreation, and new vehicles.    

BLS | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
5/12/2017 12:58:45 PM



United States Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 2.20 2.40 23.70 -15.80 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.20 -0.30 1.80 -1.80 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 244.16 243.75 244.46 23.51 Index Points [+]
Core Consumer Prices 251.17 250.99 251.30 28.50 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 1.90 2.00 13.60 0.00 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 112.85 112.23 112.85 13.49 Index Points [+]
Producer Prices 112.70 112.10 112.70 100.20 Index Points [+]
Producer Prices Change 2.50 2.30 19.57 -6.86 percent [+]
Export Prices 122.30 122.10 135.30 82.40 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 123.40 122.80 147.50 75.00 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation 0.50 0.50 36.70 -34.30 percent [+]
Pce Price Index 112.01 112.26 112.26 17.12 Index Points [+]
Inflation Expectations 2.79 2.74 3.40 2.42 percent [+]
Core Pce Price Index 112.51 112.66 112.66 17.60 Index Points [+]
Cpi Transportation 202.39 200.09 223.54 22.30 Index Points [+]
Cpi Housing Utilities 249.51 248.98 249.51 30.50 Index Points [+]


United States Inflation Rate Notes

In the United States, unadjusted Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers is based on the prices of a market basket of: food (14 percent of total weight), energy (9.3 percent), commodities less food and energy commodities (19.4 percent) and services less energy services (57.3 percent). The last category is divided by: shelter (32.1 percent), medical care services (5.8 percent) and transportation services (5.5 percent). This page provides - United States Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. United States Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.20 2.40 23.70 -15.80 1914 - 2017 percent Monthly
1982-1984=100, NSA



inflation rate by Country

Last
Australia 2.10 Mar/17
Brazil 4.08 Apr/17
Canada 1.60 Apr/17
China 1.20 Apr/17
Euro Area 1.90 Apr/17
France 1.20 Apr/17
Germany 2.00 Apr/17
India 2.99 Apr/17
Indonesia 4.17 Apr/17
Italy 1.90 Apr/17
Japan 0.40 Apr/17
Mexico 5.82 Apr/17
Netherlands 1.60 Apr/17
Russia 4.10 Apr/17
South Korea 1.90 Apr/17
Spain 2.60 Apr/17
Switzerland 0.40 Apr/17
Turkey 11.87 Apr/17
United Kingdom 2.70 Apr/17
United States 2.20 Apr/17