United States Inflation Rate  1914-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar

Consumer prices in the United States increased 1.9 percent year-on-year in May of 2017, easing from a 2.2 percent rise in April and below market expectations of 2 percent. It is the lowest inflation rate since November last year although it was still above the 1.6 percent average over the past 10 years. Core inflation slowed further to a 2-year low of 1.7 percent. Inflation Rate in the United States averaged 3.28 percent from 1914 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 23.70 percent in June of 1920 and a record low of -15.80 percent in June of 1921.

United States Inflation Rate
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Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus Forecast (i)
2017-04-14 12:30 PM Mar 2.4% 2.7% 2.6% 2.7%
2017-05-12 12:30 PM Apr 2.2% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3%
2017-06-14 12:30 PM May 1.9% 2.2% 2% 2.1%
2017-07-14 12:30 PM Jun 1.9% 1.8%
2017-08-11 12:30 PM Jul 2.1%
2017-09-14 12:30 PM Aug 2.2%




US Inflation Rate Falls To 6-Month Low Of 1.9%


Consumer prices in the United States increased 1.9 percent year-on-year in May of 2017, easing from a 2.2 percent rise in April and below market expectations of 2 percent. It is the lowest inflation rate since November last year although it was still above the 1.6 percent average over the past 10 years. Core inflation slowed further to a 2-year low of 1.7 percent.

Year-on-year, energy prices rose 5.4 percent, lower than 9.3 percent in April. In addition, inflation slowed for services less energy (2.6 percent from 2.7 percent in April), namely shelter (3.3 percent from 3.5 percent), transportation services (2.9 percent from 3.1 percent) and medical care (2.5 percent from 3.1 percent). In contrast, prices went up faster for food (0.9 percent from 0.5 percent). 

Annual core inflation, which excludes food and energy eased to 1.7 percent from 1.9 percent in the previous month. It is the lowest core inflation since May of 2015 and below market expectations of 1.9 percent.

On a monthly basis, consumer prices fell 0.1 percent, following a 0.2 percent rise in April and compared to market expectations of a 0.1 percent gain. Energy cost fell 2.7 percent, mainly due to a 6.4 percent slump in gasoline prices and was the main downward contributor. The food index rose 0.2 percent, due to increases in four of the six major grocery store food group indexes. 

Excluding food and energy, consumer prices rose 0.1 percent, the same as in April and lower than expectations of 0.2 percent. The shelter index increased 0.2 percent while declines were recorded for apparel, airline fares, communication and medical care services.

BLS | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
6/14/2017 12:52:42 PM



United States Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 1.90 2.20 23.70 -15.80 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom -0.10 0.20 1.80 -1.80 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 243.85 244.16 244.46 23.51 Index Points [+]
Core Consumer Prices 251.33 251.17 251.33 28.50 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 1.70 1.90 13.60 0.00 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 112.85 112.23 112.85 13.49 Index Points [+]
Producer Prices 112.70 112.70 112.70 100.20 Index Points [+]
Producer Prices Change 2.40 2.50 19.57 -6.86 percent [+]
Export Prices 121.70 122.30 135.30 82.40 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 122.40 123.40 147.50 75.00 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation 0.90 0.50 36.70 -34.30 percent [+]
Pce Price Index 112.24 112.00 112.28 17.12 Index Points [+]
Inflation Expectations 2.59 2.79 3.40 2.42 percent [+]
Core Pce Price Index 112.70 112.53 112.70 17.60 Index Points [+]
Cpi Transportation 202.21 202.39 223.54 22.30 Index Points [+]
Cpi Housing Utilities 250.38 249.51 250.38 30.50 Index Points [+]


United States Inflation Rate Notes

In the United States, unadjusted Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers is based on the prices of a market basket of: food (14 percent of total weight), energy (9.3 percent), commodities less food and energy commodities (19.4 percent) and services less energy services (57.3 percent). The last category is divided by: shelter (32.1 percent), medical care services (5.8 percent) and transportation services (5.5 percent). This page provides - United States Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. United States Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on June of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
1.90 2.20 23.70 -15.80 1914 - 2017 percent Monthly
1982-1984=100, NSA



inflation rate by Country

Last
Australia 2.10 Mar/17
Brazil 3.60 May/17
Canada 1.30 May/17
China 1.50 May/17
Euro Area 1.40 May/17
France 0.80 May/17
Germany 1.50 May/17
India 2.18 May/17
Indonesia 4.33 May/17
Italy 1.40 May/17
Japan 0.40 Apr/17
Mexico 6.16 May/17
Netherlands 1.10 May/17
Russia 4.10 May/17
South Korea 2.00 May/17
Spain 1.90 May/17
Switzerland 0.50 May/17
Turkey 11.72 May/17
United Kingdom 2.90 May/17
United States 1.90 May/17