The annual rate of 2.8 percent was down from a preliminary estimate of 3.3 percent issued last month, the Commerce Department said today in Washington. Measures of inflation were higher than previously projected. Personal consumption, trade and business investment contributed less to gross domestic product than the prior estimate, the report showed.
Americans have since cut back on purchases, businesses have put investment plans on hold, builders have scaled back and credit markets have seized up. Economists at JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Morgan Stanley this week cut third-quarter GDP forecasts and Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke warned the economy may falter without a $700 billion bank rescue
The world's largest economy grew at a 0.9 percent pace in the first quarter.
Today's gross domestic product report showed that the Fed's preferred measure of inflation, which is tied to consumer spending and strips out food and energy costs, rose at a 2.2 percent annual rate, higher than forecast and faster than the 2.1 percent previously estimated. Prices overall came in less than anticipated.
The biggest part of the economy, consumer spending, rose at a 1.2 percent annual rate from April through June, weaker than the 1.7 percent estimated last month. Spending received a lift during the second quarter from the government's stimulus plan.
The U.S. has lost jobs every month this year, and the unemployment rate in August jumped to a five-year high of 6.1 percent, according to Labor Department data.
Retail sales fell in August for a second consecutive month, the Commerce Department said previously. Holiday sales during November and December may be the weakest in six years as high food prices pare spending on non-essential items, the National Retail Federation said in a statement Sept. 23.
The trade gap widened to a $381.3 billion annual pace and added 2.9 percentage points to growth, the biggest contribution since 1980 and down from the previous estimate of 3.1 percent. Excluding trade, the economy would have contracted at a 0.1 percent pace after growing at a 0.1 percent rate in the first three months of the year.
The boost from trade may wane this quarter as growth among some of the U.S.'s biggest trading partners slows. Europe and Japan both shrank last quarter.
Revisions in today's report also showed a smaller decline in housing. Residential construction fell at an annual rate of 13.3 percent, higher than the 15.7 percent decrease previously estimated. The housing recession subtracted 0.5 percentage points from growth.
Corporate profits were revised lower. Earnings adjusted for the value of inventories and depreciation of capital expenditures, known as profits from current production, were down 3.8 percent to an annual rate of $1.53 trillion. The prior estimate was a drop of 2.4 percent.