The consumer prices index rose 5.1 percent in the year ended Sept. 30, the most since 1990, Statistics New Zealand said in Wellington today. From the second quarter, prices rose 1.5 percent.
Financial market turmoil may push the global economy into recession next year, the International Monetary Fund said this month. Reserve Bank of New Zealand Governor Alan Bollard last month forecast annual inflation will slow over the next two years and he has started to cut interest rates to kick-start spending and investment.
Bollard, who is required to keep inflation between 1 percent and 3 percent, said on Sept. 11 that slowing growth will return inflation to his target range by early 2010. He expected prices rose 4.9 percent in the year through September
Bollard has cut the benchmark interest rate by three quarters of a point to 7.5 percent since July.
The economy contracted 0.2 percent in the second quarter after shrinking 0.3 percent in the first three months of the year. Bollard last month forecast a further decline in spending in the third quarter and companies surveyed by the New Zealand Institute of Economic Research Inc. also expect a drop in sales in the final three months.
Growth in 2008 will probably slow to 0.5 percent from 3 percent in 2007, the Treasury Department said this month.
Consumer confidence is falling and the housing market is contracting. House prices dropped 6.1 percent in September from a year earlier. House sales are close to a 16-year low, according to Real Estate Institute figures.
Bollard's primary focus is on non-tradable inflation, a core measure of prices that are not influenced by currency fluctuations and fuel, say economists.
Non-tradable prices rose 1.3 percent from the second quarter, the fastest pace in almost five years. The measure gained 4.1 percent from a year earlier after rising 3.4 percent in the year to June.
Fuel and food prices, plus the local authority land taxes, made the biggest contributions to third-quarter inflation.
Gasoline prices rose 4.6 percent in the quarter and 29 percent from a year earlier. Excluding gasoline, consumer prices gained 1.3 percent in the quarter and 3.7 percent over the year, the agency said.
Food prices jumped 3.7 percent, led by fresh vegetables and fruit as wet weather crimped production. Excluding food, consumer prices gained 0.8 percent in the quarter.
A 4.7 percent increase in local land taxes pushed up the cost of owning a home. Rents and electricity prices also increased. The cost of buying and building a new house gained 1.3 percent.
The price of overseas packaged holidays jumped 13 percent. Air travel and vehicle licensing costs also increased. The prices of used cars, telephones, clothing and computers fell.