Canada Unexpectedly Hikes the Key Rate to 1.0%


The Bank of Canada unexpectedly raised its benchmark overnight rate by 25 bps to 1 percent at its September 6th 2017 meeting, surprising markets who expected no changes. It is the second consecutive rise in borrowing cost as recent economic data have been stronger than expected, supporting the Bank’s view that growth in Canada is becoming more broadly-based and self-sustaining. The Bank Rate was also increased by 25 bps 1.25 percent and the deposit rate by 25 bps to 0.75 percent.


Statement by the Bank of Canada:

Recent economic data have been stronger than expected, supporting the Bank’s view that growth in Canada is becoming more broadly-based and self-sustaining. Consumer spending remains robust, underpinned by continued solid employment and income growth. There has also been more widespread strength in business investment and in exports. Meanwhile, the housing sector appears to be cooling in some markets in response to recent changes in tax and housing finance policies. The Bank continues to expect a moderation in the pace of economic growth in the secondhalf of 2017, for the reasons described in the July Monetary Policy Report (MPR), but the level of GDP is now higher than the Bank had expected.

The global economic expansion is becoming more synchronous, as anticipated in July, with stronger-than-expected indicators of growth, including higher industrial commodity prices. However, significant geopolitical risks and uncertainties around international trade and fiscal policies remain, leading to a weaker US dollar against many major currencies. In this context, the Canadian dollar has appreciated, also reflecting the relative strength of Canada’s economy.

Given the stronger-than-expected economic performance, Governing Council judges that today’s removal of some of the considerable monetary policy stimulus in place is warranted. Future monetary policy decisions are not predetermined and will be guided by incoming economic data and financial market developments as they inform the outlook for inflation. Particular focus will be given to the evolution of the economy’s potential, and to labour market conditions. Furthermore, given elevated household indebtedness, close attention will be paid to the sensitivityof the economy to higher interest rates. 


Bank of Canada |Luisa Carvalho | luisa.carvalho@tradingeconomics.com
9/6/2017 2:42:25 PM