Canada Interest Rate  1990-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

The Bank of Canada held its overnight rate at 1.25 percent on April 18th 2018, in line with market expectations. Policymakers said the transitory impact of higher gasoline prices and recent minimum wage increases will likely cause inflation in 2018 to be modestly higher than expected and the economy is projected to operate slightly above its potential over the next three years. As a result, the central bank sees higher interest rates over time, although some monetary policy accommodation will still be needed to keep inflation on target. Interest Rate in Canada averaged 5.90 percent from 1990 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 16 percent in February of 1991 and a record low of 0.25 percent in April of 2009.

Canada Interest Rate
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Canada Leaves Key Rate Steady at 1.25%


The Bank of Canada held its overnight rate at 1.25 percent on April 18th 2018, in line with market expectations. Policymakers said the transitory impact of higher gasoline prices and recent minimum wage increases will likely cause inflation in 2018 to be modestly higher than expected and the economy is projected to operate slightly above its potential over the next three years. As a result, the central bank sees higher interest rates over time, although some monetary policy accommodation will still be needed to keep inflation on target. The Bank Rate is correspondingly 1.5 percent and the deposit rate is 1 percent.

Excerpts from the Statement by the Bank of Canada:

Inflation in Canada is close to 2 per cent as temporary factors that have been weighing on inflation have largely dissipated, as expected. Consistent with an economy operating with little slack, core measures of inflation have continued to edge up and are all now close to 2 per cent. The transitory impact of higher gasoline prices and recent minimum wage increases will likely cause inflation in 2018 to be modestly higher than the Bank expected in its January Monetary Policy Report (MPR), returning to the 2 per cent target for the rest of the projection horizon.

In Canada, GDP growth in the first quarter was weaker than the Bank had expected, but should rebound in the second quarter, resulting in 2 per cent average growth in the first half of 2018. The economy is projected to operate slightly above its potential over the next three years, with real GDP growth of about 2 per cent in both 2018 and 2019, and 1.8 per cent in 2020. This stronger profile for GDP incorporates new provincial and federal fiscal measures announced since January. It also reflects upward revisions to estimates of potential output growth, which suggest the Canadian economy has made some progress in building capacity.

Slower economic growth in the first quarter primarily reflects weakness in two areas. Housing markets responded to new mortgage guidelines and other policy measures by pulling forward transactions to late 2017. Exports also faltered, partly owing to transportation bottlenecks. Some of the weakness in housing and exports is expected to be unwound as 2018 progresses.

The Bank anticipates that Canadian exports will strengthen as foreign demand increases, but not sufficiently to recover the ground lost during recent quarters. Export growth is being increasingly limited by capacity constraints in some sectors. Continued gains in business investment should build additional capacity in those sectors and in the economy more generally. However, both exports and investment are being held back by ongoing competitiveness challenges and uncertainty about trade policies.

Growth in consumption remains robust, supported by strong labour income growth. Wages have continued to pick up as expected, even after factoring out recent minimum wage increases in Ontario and Alberta. The Bank will continue to assess labour market data for signs of remaining slack.

Some progress has been made on the key issues being watched closely by Governing Council, particularly the dynamics of inflation and wage growth. This progress reinforces Governing Council’s view that higher interest rates will be warranted over time, although some monetary policy accommodation will still be needed to keep inflation on target. The Bank will also continue to monitor the economy’s sensitivity to interest rate movements and the evolution of economic capacity. In this context, Governing Council will remain cautious with respect to future policy adjustments, guided by incoming data.


BoC | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
4/18/2018 2:13:33 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-01-17 03:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.25% 1% 1.25% 1.25%
2018-03-07 03:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.25% 1.25% 1.25% 1.25%
2018-04-18 02:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.25% 1.25% 1.25% 1.25%
2018-05-30 02:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.25% 1.25% 1.25%
2018-05-31 04:35 PM BoC Leduc Speech
2018-07-11 02:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.5%


Canada Money Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Interest Rate 1.25 1.25 16.00 0.25 percent [+]
Interbank Rate 1.75 1.75 8.95 0.43 percent [+]
Money Supply M0 89896.00 89764.00 89896.00 2214.00 CAD Million [+]
Money Supply M1 974424.00 967198.00 974424.00 30706.00 CAD Million [+]
Money Supply M2 1596479.00 1588413.00 1596479.00 25523.00 CAD Million [+]
Money Supply M3 2377425.00 2366722.00 2377425.00 37982.00 CAD Million [+]
Banks Balance Sheet 5535444.00 5418583.00 5535444.00 10516.00 CAD Million [+]
Central Bank Balance Sheet 109327.00 109231.00 111005.00 2226.00 CAD Million [+]
Foreign Exchange Reserves 82221.00 83306.00 86805.00 1678.00 USD Million [+]
Loans to Private Sector 385061.00 378553.00 385061.00 10904.00 CAD Million [+]
Deposit Interest Rate 0.10 0.10 15.96 0.05 percent [+]
Foreign Stock Investment 6148.00 4322.00 38783.00 -24129.00 CAD Million [+]
Private Debt to GDP 267.03 264.66 267.03 175.61 percent [+]


Canada Interest Rate

In Canada, benchmark interest rate is set by the Bank of Canada's (BoC) Governing Council. The official interest rate is the Overnight Rate. Since 1996 the Bank Rate is set at the upper limit of an operating band for the money market overnight rate. Previously, from March 1980 until February 1996 the Bank Rate was set at 25 basis points above the weekly average tender rate for 3-month Treasury bills. This page provides - Canada Interest Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Canada Interest Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
1.25 1.25 16.00 0.25 1990 - 2018 percent Daily




interest rate by Country
Country Last
Turkey 8.00 May/18
Mexico 7.50 May/18
Russia 7.25 Apr/18
Brazil 6.50 May/18
India 6.00 Apr/18
Indonesia 4.50 May/18
China 4.35 Apr/18
United States 1.75 May/18
Australia 1.50 May/18
South Korea 1.50 May/18
Canada 1.25 Apr/18
United Kingdom 0.50 May/18
Euro Area 0.00 Apr/18
France 0.00 Apr/18
Germany 0.00 Apr/18
Italy 0.00 Apr/18
Netherlands 0.00 Apr/18
Spain 0.00 Apr/18
Japan -0.10 Apr/18
Switzerland -0.75 Apr/18


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