The Bank of Canada kept its benchmark interest rate steady at 1.75 percent on January 9th 2019, as widely expected. It remained the highest rate since December 2008. Policymakers said more interest rate hikes will be needed to keep inflation into a neutral range of 2 percent target and that the pace of those hikes will depend on factors including developments in oil markets, Canadian housing market and global trade. The Bank Rate and deposit rate were also left unchanged at 2.0 percent and 1.50 percent, respectively. Interest Rate in Canada averaged 5.89 percent from 1990 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 16 percent in February of 1991 and a record low of 0.25 percent in April of 2009.

Interest Rate in Canada is expected to be 1.75 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Interest Rate in Canada to stand at 2.50 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the Canada Interest Rate is projected to trend around 2.75 percent in 2020, according to our econometric models.

Canada Interest Rate
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Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-09-05 02:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%
2018-10-24 02:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.75% 1.5% 1.75% 1.75%
2018-12-05 03:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.75% 1.75% 1.75% 1.75%
2019-01-09 03:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.75% 1.75% 1.75% 1.75%
2019-01-31 05:45 PM BoC Wilkins Speech
2019-03-06 03:00 PM BoC Interest Rate Decision 1.75%
2019-04-15 03:00 PM BoC Business Outlook Survey



Canada Holds Interest Rate at 1.75%

The Bank of Canada kept its benchmark interest rate steady at 1.75 percent on January 9th 2019, as widely expected. It remained the highest rate since December 2008. Policymakers said more interest rate hikes will be needed to keep inflation into a neutral range of 2 percent target and that the pace of those hikes will depend on factors including developments in oil markets, Canadian housing market and global trade. The Bank Rate and deposit rate were also left unchanged at 2.0 percent and 1.50 percent, respectively.

Statement by the Bank of Canada:

The global economic expansion continues to moderate, with growth forecast to slow to 3.4 per cent in 2019 from 3.7 per cent in 2018. In particular, growth in the United States remains solid but is expected to slow to a more sustainable pace through 2019. However, there are increasing signs that the US-China trade conflict is weighing on global demand and commodity prices.

Global benchmark prices for oil have been about 25 per cent lower than assumed in the October Monetary Policy Report (MPR). The lower prices primarily reflect sustained increases in US oil supply and, more recently, increased worries about global demand. These worries among market participants have also been reflected in bond and equity markets.  

The drop in global oil prices has a material impact on the Canadian outlook, resulting in lower terms of trade and national income. As well, transportation constraints and rising production have combined to push up oil inventories in the west and exert even more downward pressure on Canadian benchmark prices. While price differentials have narrowed in recent weeks following announced mandatory production cuts in Alberta, investment in Canada’s oil sector is projected to weaken further.

These developments are occurring in the context of a Canadian economy that has been performing well overall. Growth has been running close to potential, employment growth has been strong and unemployment is at a 40-year low. Looking ahead, exports and non-energy investment are projected to grow solidly, supported by foreign demand, the CUSMA, the lower Canadian dollar, and federal tax measures targeted at investment.

Meanwhile, consumption spending and housing investment have been weaker than expected as housing markets adjust to municipal and provincial measures, changes to mortgage guidelines, and higher interest rates. Household spending will be dampened further by slow growth in oil-producing provinces. The Bank will continue to monitor these adjustments.

The Bank projects real GDP will grow by 1.7 per cent in 2019, 0.4 percentage points slower than the October outlook. This revised forecast reflects a temporary slowing in the fourth quarter of 2018 and the first quarter of 2019. This will open up a modest amount of excess capacity, primarily in oil-producing regions. Nevertheless, indicators of demand should start to show renewed momentum in early 2019, leading to above-potential growth of 2.1 per cent in 2020.

Core inflation measures remain clustered close to 2 per cent. As expected, CPI inflation eased to 1.7% in November, due to lower gasoline prices. CPI inflation is projected to edge further down and be below 2 per cent through much of 2019, owing mainly to lower gasoline prices. On the other hand, the lower level of the Canadian dollar will exert some upward pressure on inflation. As these transitory effects unwind and excess capacity is absorbed, inflation will return to around the 2 per cent target by late 2019.

Weighing all of these factors, Governing Council continues to judge that the policy interest rate will need to rise over time into a neutral range to achieve the inflation target. The appropriate pace of rate increases will depend on how the outlook evolves, with a particular focus on developments in oil markets, the Canadian housing market, and global trade policy.


BoC | Stefanie Moya | stefanie.moya@tradingeconomics.com
1/9/2019 3:08:42 PM



Canada Money Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Interest Rate 1.75 1.75 16.00 0.25 percent [+]
Interbank Rate 2.27 2.28 8.95 0.43 percent [+]
Money Supply M0 93290.00 93471.00 94210.00 2214.00 CAD Million [+]
Money Supply M1 1001740.00 993758.00 1001740.00 30706.00 CAD Million [+]
Money Supply M2 1653767.00 1642469.00 1653767.00 25523.00 CAD Million [+]
Money Supply M3 2399556.00 2381545.00 2399556.00 37982.00 CAD Million [+]
Banks Balance Sheet 5714984.00 5721872.00 5721872.00 10516.00 CAD Million [+]
Central Bank Balance Sheet 113912.00 115823.00 115921.00 2110.00 CAD Million [+]
Foreign Exchange Reserves 83926.00 82008.00 86805.00 1678.00 USD Million [+]
Loans to Private Sector 425184.00 422246.00 425184.00 10904.00 CAD Million [+]
Deposit Interest Rate 0.10 0.10 15.96 0.05 percent [+]
Foreign Stock Investment 3975.00 7764.00 38935.00 -24129.00 CAD Million [+]
Private Debt to GDP 266.61 264.66 266.61 175.61 percent [+]


Canada Interest Rate

In Canada, benchmark interest rate is set by the Bank of Canada's (BoC) Governing Council. The official interest rate is the Overnight Rate. Since 1996 the Bank Rate is set at the upper limit of an operating band for the money market overnight rate. Previously, from March 1980 until February 1996 the Bank Rate was set at 25 basis points above the weekly average tender rate for 3-month Treasury bills. This page provides - Canada Interest Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Canada Interest Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on January of 2019.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
1.75 1.75 16.00 0.25 1990 - 2019 percent Daily




Country Last Previous
Argentina 57.61 Jan/19
Turkey 24.00 Jan/19
Mexico 8.25 Dec/18
Russia 7.75 Dec/18
South Africa 6.75 Dec/18
Brazil 6.50 Dec/18
India 6.50 Dec/18
Indonesia 6.00 Jan/19
China 4.35 Dec/18
Saudi Arabia 3.00 Dec/18
United States 2.50 Dec/18
Singapore 1.76 Dec/18
Canada 1.75 Jan/19
South Korea 1.75 Dec/18
Australia 1.50 Dec/18
United Kingdom 0.75 Dec/18
Euro Area 0.00 Dec/18
France 0.00 Dec/18
Germany 0.00 Dec/18
Italy 0.00 Dec/18
Netherlands 0.00 Dec/18
Spain 0.00 Dec/18
Japan -0.10 Dec/18
Switzerland -0.75 Dec/18


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