In October, downward pressure came from communications (-5.7 percent), leisure and culture (- 1.9 percent) and transport (-1.1 percent). In contrast, the biggest price increases were reported for housing, water, electricity (+ 1.3 percent in October from 2.2 percent in September) and education (1.2 percent). Additional upward pressure came from hotels and restaurants (0.6 percent), alcoholic drinks and tobacco (0.6 percent) and clothing and footwear (0.3 percent).
On a monthly basis, consumer prices rose 0.5 percent, accelerating from a 0.2 percent increase in the previous month. Prices of clothing and footwear (+ 11 percent) registered the biggest rise while communication and transport cost posted the largest drop (-1.5 percent and -1.3 percent, respectively).
In October, the harmonized CPI decreased 0.2 percent year-on-year and went up 0.1 percent over September.