Spain Unemployment Rate  1976-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

The unemployment rate in Spain increased to 16.55 percent in the last three months of 2017 from an upwardly revised 16.39 percent in the previous period which was the lowest since 2008. Figures came above market expectations of 16.15 percent. Among regions, Ceuta (26.03 percent), Extremadura (25.12 percent) and Melilla (24.62 percent) showed the highest jobless rates while Navarre (9.63 percent) recorded the lowest. In Madrid, the unemployment rate was 13.75 percent and in Catalonia 12.63 percent. In the last quarter of 2016, unemployment in Spain was much higher at 18.63 percent. Unemployment Rate in Spain averaged 16.56 percent from 1976 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 26.94 percent in the first quarter of 2013 and a record low of 4.41 percent in the third quarter of 1976.

Spain Unemployment Rate
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Spain Jobless Rate Above Forecasts in Q4


The unemployment rate in Spain increased to 16.55 percent in the last three months of 2017 from an upwardly revised 16.39 percent in the previous period which was the lowest since 2008. Figures came above market expectations of 16.15 percent. Among regions, Ceuta (26.03 percent), Extremadura (25.12 percent) and Melilla (24.62 percent) showed the highest jobless rates while Navarre (9.63 percent) recorded the lowest. In Madrid, the unemployment rate was 13.75 percent and in Catalonia 12.63 percent. In the last quarter of 2016, unemployment in Spain was much higher at 18.63 percent.

Considering the whole country, the number of jobless people rose by 34.9 thousand to 3.766 million. Madrid (+51.8 thousand), Castile and León (+15.5 thousand) and Balearic Islands (+15.4 thousand) saw the biggest rises in unemployment while main declines were seen in Andalucia (-159.7 thousand), Valencia (-17.2 thousand) and Basque Country (-10 thousand). 

The number of employed went down by 50.9 thousand to 18.998 million. Job losses were seen in services (-124.3 thousand) and construction (10.9 thousand). In contrast, employment rose in agriculture (+43.7 thousand) and industry (+40.7 thousand). By region, the largest falls were seen in Balearic Islands (-65.5 thousand), Castile and León (-20.9 thousand) and Galicia (-16.7 thousand) while the largest increases were observed in Valencia (+21.8 thousand), Andalucia (+19.3 thousand) and Canarias (+16.6 thousand). Employment went down by 63.5 thousand in the private sector but rose by 12.7 thousand in the public. 15.923 million where working in the previate sector and 3.074 million in the public one. Considering the last year, the largest employment gains were recorded in Andalucia (+126.4 thousand), Catalonia (+113.6 thousand) and Madrid (+66.2 thousand).

The number of active people fell by 15.9 thousand to 22.765 million, bringing the labour force participation rate down to 58.8 percent from 58.82 percent.


INE | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
1/25/2018 9:03:25 AM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-07-27 07:00 AM Unemployment Rate 17.22% 18.75% 17.8% 18%
2017-10-26 07:00 AM Unemployment Rate 16.38% 17.22% 16.8%
2018-01-25 08:00 AM Unemployment Rate 16.55% 16.39% 16.15% 15.9%
2018-04-26 07:00 AM Unemployment Rate 16.55% 16.2%
2018-07-26 07:00 AM Unemployment Rate 15.6%
2018-10-25 07:00 AM Unemployment Rate 15.4%


Spain Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 16.55 16.39 26.94 4.41 percent [+]
Employed Persons 18998.40 19049.20 20510.60 10949.20 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 3373.60 3404.94 4889.46 468.29 Thousand [+]
Unemployment Change 63.75 -61.50 461.01 -129.30 Thousand [+]
Part Time Employment 2805.40 2725.80 2874.30 572.70 Thousand [+]
Full Time Employment 16193.00 16323.40 18488.00 11007.60 Thousand [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 7.10 7.90 13.60 1.50 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 36.80 37.90 55.90 17.20 percent [+]
Productivity 112.70 105.70 112.70 85.70 Index Points [+]
Labour Costs 96.60 101.70 105.70 66.70 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 50.88 40.10 541.53 19.61 Thousand [+]
Wages 1809.12 1942.01 2026.14 1264.36 EUR/Month [+]
Minimum Wages 858.55 825.65 858.55 485.71 EUR/Month [+]
Population 46.53 46.44 46.82 30.33 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 65.42 65.33 65.42 65.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 65.42 65.33 65.42 65.00 [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 58.80 58.92 60.55 48.88 percent [+]
Living Wage Family 1100.00 1080.00 1100.00 1080.00 EUR/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 810.00 770.00 810.00 725.00 EUR/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 1980.00 1950.00 2100.00 1950.00 EUR/Month [+]
Wages Low Skilled 927.00 908.00 968.00 908.00 EUR/Month [+]
Employment Change 0.70 0.80 1.80 -2.30 percent [+]
Employment Rate 62.57 62.80 67.18 54.91 percent [+]


Spain Unemployment Rate

In Spain, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - Spain Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. Spain Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on February of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
16.55 16.39 26.94 4.41 1976 - 2017 percent Quarterly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
Spain 16.55 Dec/17
Brazil 11.80 Dec/17
Italy 10.80 Dec/17
Turkey 10.30 Nov/17
France 8.90 Dec/17
Euro Area 8.70 Dec/17
Canada 5.90 Jan/18
Australia 5.50 Jan/18
Indonesia 5.50 Sep/17
Russia 5.10 Dec/17
United Kingdom 4.30 Nov/17
Netherlands 4.20 Jan/18
United States 4.10 Jan/18
China 3.90 Dec/17
Germany 3.60 Dec/17
South Korea 3.60 Jan/18
India 3.46 Dec/16
Switzerland 3.30 Jan/18
Mexico 3.10 Dec/17
Japan 2.80 Dec/17


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