The Swiss National Bank reduced its target for the three- month Libor to 1 percent and promised a ``generous and flexible'' supply of Swiss francs. It's the third unscheduled move by the SNB since the beginning of October. Today's step is the biggest single cut the Zurich-based SNB has made since it began targeting the three-month Libor in 2000.
The SNB gained room to act after pushing the three-month range for borrowing francs, or Libor, back within its target this week for the first time in two months. The SNB predicted inflation will fall below 2 percent as soon as this year, giving it room to lower interest rates to counter a possible recession.
After the announcement, the SNB offered 3-month and 6-month funding at 0.15 percent.
The International Monetary Fund predicts advanced economies including the U.S. and euro area will contract simultaneously next year for the first time since World War II. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke, Bank of England Governor Mervyn King and European Central Bank President Jean-Claude Trichet have all signaled they're ready to cut interest rates further to stem the deepening economic slump.
Swiss exports fell 4.6 percent from the previous month in October as a global economic slowdown eroded demand for machines, chemicals and metals, the Federal Customs Office said today. Foreign sales of textile machinery dropped 46 percent from a year earlier.
Today's decision helps damp that decline, according to Janwillem Acket, chief economist at Bank Julius Baer. `` You help exporters by taking stress out of the exchange rate. It's a sensible forceful action.''
The Swiss franc fell to its lowest level against the dollar since August 2007 after the announcement and dropped 0.8 percent to a one-month low of 1.5287 against the euro.
The euro-region, which buys more than half of Swiss exports, is in a recession for the first time since the single currency was introduced a decade ago and the head of the U.S. National Bureau of Economic Research, Robert Hall, said this month that the U.S. is also contracting.
Switzerland's benchmark SMI share index has lost 38 percent since the beginning of the year, including 15 percent since the beginning of this month. Shares of UBS AG, the Zurich-based European bank with the largest losses from the global credit crisis, dropped as much as 11 percent to 10.73 francs today.
The SNB is scheduled to hold its next regular monetary policy meeting on Dec. 11. The central bank has cut rates by a total of 175 basis points since Oct. 8.