The greenback also dropped after a report showed the U.S. trade deficit unexpectedly widened in October. The Swiss franc dropped against the euro and yen after the central bank reduced its main interest rate to a four-year low of 0.5 percent.
The U.S. currency fell 1.7 percent to $1.3243 per euro at 8:40 a.m. in New York, from $1.3023 yesterday. It dropped 1.6 percent to 91.28 yen from 92.76. The euro traded at 120.77 yen, compared with 120.78 yen.
The Swiss franc traded at 1.5649 per euro from 1.5611 and was down 0.3 percent to 77.19 yen. The Swiss National Bank, led by Jean-Pierre Roth, reduced the three-month Libor target by 50 basis points to 0.5 percent today.
The ICE’s Dollar Index, which tracks the greenback against the euro, the yen, the pound, the Canadian dollar, the Swiss franc and Sweden’s krona, fell 1.2 percent at 84.449, below the 55-moving-day average of 84.5, as traders took advantage of the low liquidity to test how far it may fall, Hardman said. They will drive the dollar to $1.345 per euro this year, he said.
The dollar has gained 11 percent against the euro in 2008 as the credit-market seizure and $980 billion of losses on mortgage-related securities worldwide led investors to repatriate overseas investments to the U.S. and seek funding in the greenback.
The yen gained versus all 178 currencies tracked by Bloomberg this year as the global recession encouraged Japanese investors to bring funds back home and global equities plunged.
Japan’s currency jumped 21 percent versus the dollar, 34 percent against the euro and 66 percent against Brazil’s real as the financial crisis prompted investors to reverse carry trades, in which they purchase higher-yielding assets funded in countries where borrowing costs are lower. Japan’s benchmark rate of 0.3 percent is the lowest among major economies.
South Korea’s won rose 2.6 percent to 1,358.40 per dollar, after touching 1,330.35, the strongest level in a month. The Bank of Korea lowered its benchmark rate a larger-than-forecast 1 percentage point to 3 percent to prevent the economy from slipping into a recession.