Bank of America Corp. and Citigroup Inc. both soared at least 19 percent as the U.S. Treasury said it will finance as much as $1 trillion in purchases of distressed assets. Exxon Mobil Corp. and Chevron Corp. jumped more than 6.7 percent after oil rose to an almost four-month high. The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index extended its rebound from a 12-year closing low on March 9 to 22 percent as all 10 of its main industry groups advanced.
The S&P 500 gained 7.1 percent to 822.91, its biggest increase since Oct. 28. The Dow Jones Industrial Average jumped 497.48 points, or 6.8 percent, to 7,775.86. The MSCI World Index climbed for the ninth time in 10 days, adding 5.4 percent. Twenty-one stocks rose for each that fell on the New York Stock Exchange.
The Treasury’s Public-Private Investment Program will use $75 billion to $100 billion from the $700 billion Troubled Asset Relief Program enacted last year, giving the government purchasing power” of $500 billion. The Treasury said the program may double over time.”
Benchmark indexes extended gains in the first 40 minutes after an industry report showed home sales unexpectedly increased in February.
The MSCI World, a gauge of 23 developed nations, has added almost 21 percent since March 9 as Citigroup, Bank of America and JPMorgan Chase & Co. said they made money in the first two months of 2009 and the Federal Reserve agreed to buy $300 billion of government bonds to combat the financial crisis. The 17 percent rally in the S&P 500 between March 9 and March 18 exceeded any advance by the main benchmark for American equities over a seven-day period since 1939.
The MSCI Emerging Markets Index of 23 developing nations gained 5.2 percent today, erasing its 2009 drop. Mobius, who was voted among the Top Ten Money Managers of the 20th Century” by the Carson Group, said emerging markets are in better shape” than developed economies.
Europe’s Dow Jones Stoxx 600 Index gained 3 percent, pushing its rebound from a 12-year low on March 9 to almost 13 percent. The MSCI Asia Pacific Index added 3.4 percent.