The Bank of Japan left its key short-term interest rate unchanged at -0.1 percent at its April meeting and kept the target for the 10-year government bond yield at around zero percent, as widely expected. At the same time, the central bank intended to keep the current extremely low levels of short-term and long-term interest rates for an extended period of time, at least through around Spring 2020. Interest Rate in Japan averaged 2.78 percent from 1972 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 9 percent in December of 1973 and a record low of -0.10 percent in January of 2016.

Interest Rate in Japan is expected to be -0.10 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Interest Rate in Japan to stand at -0.10 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the Japan Interest Rate is projected to trend around 0.10 percent in 2020, according to our econometric models.

Japan Interest Rate
Forecast Data Chart
Trading Economics members can view, download and compare data from nearly 200 countries, including more than 20 million economic indicators, exchange rates, government bond yields, stock indexes and commodity prices.

The Trading Economics Application Programming Interface (API) provides direct access to our data. It allows API clients to download millions of rows of historical data, to query our real-time economic calendar, subscribe to updates and receive quotes for currencies, commodities, stocks and bonds.

Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-12-20 03:00 AM BoJ Interest Rate Decision -0.1% -0.1% -0.1% -0.1%
2019-01-23 03:00 AM BoJ Interest Rate Decision -0.1% -0.1% -0.1% -0.1%
2019-03-15 03:00 AM BoJ Interest Rate Decision -0.1% -0.1% -0.1% -0.1%
2019-04-25 03:00 AM BoJ Interest Rate Decision -0.1% -0.1% -0.1% -0.1%
2019-05-07 11:50 PM BoJ Monetary Policy Meeting Minutes
2019-05-09 11:50 PM BoJ Summary of Opinions
2019-06-20 03:00 AM BoJ Interest Rate Decision -0.1%

BoJ Vows to Hold Rates at Least Until Spring 2020

The Bank of Japan left its key short-term interest rate unchanged at -0.1 percent at its April meeting and kept the target for the 10-year government bond yield at around zero percent, as widely expected. At the same time, the central bank intended to maintain the current extremely low levels of short-term and long-term interest rates for an extended period of time, at least through around Spring 2020.

The Bank of Japan previously committed to hold low rates for an extended period but it had not specified any time frame.

In addition, the central bank said it would examine uncertainties regarding economic activities and prices including the effects of the scheduled consumption tax hike and development in overseas economies. By continuing with powerful monetary easing and maintaining the output gap within positive territory, the bank will aim to achieve the price stability ratget at the earliest possible time, while securing stability in economic and financial conditions.

With regard to the amount of JGBs to be purchased, the bank will conduct buying at more or less the current pace -- an annual pace of increase of about 80 trillion yen.

The BoJ also determined by an unanimous vote to purchase exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and Japan real estate investment trusts (J-REITs) so that their amounts outstanding will increase at an annual paces of about JPY 6.0 trillion and about JPY 90 billion, respectively. With a view to lowering risk premia of asset prices in an appropriate manner, the bank may increase or decrease the amount of purchases depending on market conditions. As for CP and corporate bonds, the bank will maintain their amounts outstanding at about 2.2 trillion yen and about 3.2 trillion yen, respectively.

Excerpts from the Outlook for Economic Activity and Prices:

Japan's economy is likely to continued on an expanding trend through fiscal 2021 despite being affected by the slowsown in overseas economies for the time being. Although exports are prejected to show some weakness for the time being, they are expected to be on a moderate increasing trend, with overseas economies growing moderately on the whole. Domestic demand also is likely to follow an uptrend, mainly against the background of highly accommodative financial conditions and the underpinnings through government spending, despite being affected by such factors as the scheduled consumption tax hike.

The year-on-year rate of change in the consumer price index (CPI, all items less fresh food) has been positive but has continued to show relatively weak developments compared to the economic expansion and the labor market tightening. This is mainly attributable to (1) such fastors as firms' cautious wage-and price-setting stance not having changed clearly yet in a sitiation where the mindset and behaviour based on the assumption that wages and prices will not increase easily have been deeply entrenched and (2) firms moves toward raising productivity as well as the technological progress in recenr years. While it has been taking time to resolve these factors that have been delaying price rises, medium-to long-term inflation expectations have been more or less unchanged. Nonetheless, with the output gap remaining positive, firms; stance gradually will shift toward further raising wages and prices and households' tolerance of price rises will increase. In this situation, further price rises are likely to be observed widely and then medium-to long-term inflation expectations are projected to rise gradually. As a consequence, the year-on-year of change in the CPI is likely to increase gradually toward 2 percent.

With regard to the risks balance, risks to both economic activity and prices were skewed to the downside. On the price front, the momentum toward achieving the price stability target of 2 percent is maintained but is not yet suffficiently firm, and developments in prices continue to warrant careful attention. 

Bank of Japan l Rida Husna |
4/25/2019 6:38:37 AM

Japan Money Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Interest Rate -0.10 -0.10 9.00 -0.10 percent [+]
Interbank Rate -0.06 -0.07 8.50 -0.12 percent [+]
Money Supply M0 102118.70 101665.50 102487.90 2130.10 JPY Billion [+]
Money Supply M1 781407.90 773472.10 781407.90 3921.00 JPY Billion [+]
Money Supply M2 1012747.00 1010052.60 1015093.00 8404.00 JPY Billion [+]
Money Supply M3 1351005.60 1348817.50 1351005.60 1008505.00 JPY Billion [+]
Central Bank Balance Sheet 557034.30 561926.20 561926.20 4864.50 JPY Billion [+]
Foreign Exchange Reserves 1291813.00 1281846.00 1306668.00 455.00 USD Million [+]
Loans to Private Sector 465929.70 464496.10 536555.80 375948.90 JPY Billion [+]
Deposit Interest Rate 0.32 0.30 5.50 0.04 percent [+]
Foreign Stock Investment 1426.60 527.40 1577.40 -2162.40 JPY Billion [+]
Foreign Bond Investment 1170.00 598.70 2549.70 -3072.10 JPY Billion [+]
Private Debt to GDP 229.40 227.00 291.90 227.00 percent [+]
Loan Growth 2.40 2.30 3.60 -5.00 percent [+]

Japan Interest Rate

In Japan, interest rates are set by the Bank of Japan's Policy Board in its Monetary Policy Meetings. The BoJ's official interest rate is the discount rate. Monetary Policy Meetings produce a guideline for money market operations in inter-meeting periods and this guideline is written in terms of a target for the uncollateralized overnight call rate. This page provides - Japan Interest Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Japan Interest Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on April of 2019.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
-0.10 -0.10 9.00 -0.10 1972 - 2019 percent Daily

Country Last Previous
Argentina 67.87 Apr/19
Turkey 24.00 Mar/19
Mexico 8.25 Mar/19
Russia 7.75 Mar/19
South Africa 6.75 Mar/19
Brazil 6.50 Mar/19
India 6.00 Apr/19
Indonesia 6.00 Mar/19
China 4.35 Mar/19
Saudi Arabia 3.00 Mar/19
United States 2.50 Mar/19
Singapore 2.24 Mar/19
Canada 1.75 Apr/19
South Korea 1.75 Apr/19
Australia 1.50 Apr/19
United Kingdom 0.75 Mar/19
Euro Area 0.00 Apr/19
France 0.00 Apr/19
Germany 0.00 Apr/19
Italy 0.00 Apr/19
Netherlands 0.00 Apr/19
Spain 0.00 Apr/19
Japan -0.10 Apr/19
Switzerland -0.75 Mar/19