Japanese companies raised spending on plant and equipment by 6.1 percent year-on-year in the first quarter of 2019, more than a 5.7 percent increase in the previous period but missing market expectations of 11.6 percent growth. Investment of manufacturing companies rose sharply (8.5 percent vs 10.9 percent in Q4), mainly led by chemicals (42.1 percent vs 21.6 percent), production machinery (43.1 percent vs 24.1 percent), fabricated metal products (23.2 percent vs 16.7 percent), and iron & steel (12.6 percent vs 8.4 percent). By contrast, investment of transport equipment companies plunged (-6.5 percent vs 60.3 percent). Growth in investment of non-manufacturing companies accelerated (5 percent vs 2.7 percent), driven by spending on goods rental & leasing (47.7 percent vs 27.8 percent), transport & postal activities (12.9 percent vs 5.8 percent), production & distribution of electricity (10 percent vs 8.2 percent), and construction (15.3 percent vs -1.2 percent). Private Investment in Japan averaged -0.38 percent from 2008 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 12.80 percent in the second quarter of 2018 and a record low of -25.33 percent in the first quarter of 2009.