Germany Balance of Trade  1950-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

The German trade surplus fell slightly to EUR 18.2 billion in December 2017 from EUR 18.3 billion in the same month a year earlier, as exports rose by 3.9 percent to EUR 100.9 billion and imports grew by 5.0 percent to EUR 82.7 billion. Balance of Trade in Germany averaged 5012.29 EUR Million from 1950 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 25455.63 EUR Million in March of 2016 and a record low of -535.91 EUR Million in April of 1991.

Germany Balance of Trade
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German Trade Surplus Narrows Slightly in December


The German trade surplus fell slightly to EUR 18.2 billion in December 2017 from EUR 18.3 billion in the same month a year earlier.

Exports rose 3.9 percent year-on-year to EUR 100.9 billion in December. Sales to the EU grew by 7.8 percent to EUR 58.0 billion, of which Euro area countries (8.7 percent to EUR 37.2 billion) and other European countries (6.3 percent to EUR 20.8 billion). Meanwhile, exports to countries outside the EU declined by 0.9 percent to EUR 42.9 billion.

Imports increased at a faster 5 percent to EUR 82.7 billion. Purchases from the EU rose 6.4 percent to EUR 55.0 billion, of which Euro area countries (6.1 percent to EUR 37.4 billion) and other European countries (7.2 percent to EUR 17.6 billion). Also, inbound shipments from countries outside the EU increased by 2.3 percent to EUR 27.7 billion.

In 2017, Germany's trade surplus went down to EUR 244.9 billion from its record-high of EUR 248.9 billion reached in the previous year. It was the first decline since 2009.

On a seasonally adjusted basis, the trade surplus fell to EUR 21.4 billion from EUR 22.3 billion in November and below market expectations of EUR 21.7 billion. Imports jumped 1.4 percent from the previous month and exports rose at a slower 0.3 percent.


Destatis l Rida Husna | rida@tradingeconomics.com
2/8/2018 9:08:48 AM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-12-08 07:00 AM Balance of Trade €18.9B €24.1B €21.6B
2018-01-09 07:00 AM Balance of Trade €23.7B €18.9B €21.5B
2018-02-08 07:00 AM Balance of Trade €18.2B €23.7B €19.5B
2018-03-09 07:00 AM Balance of Trade €18.2B € 20.7B
2018-04-09 06:00 AM Balance of Trade € 20.4B
2018-05-08 06:00 AM Balance of Trade € 20.5B


Germany Trade Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Balance of Trade 18226.00 23666.55 25455.63 -535.91 EUR Million [+]
Exports 100940.00 116380.77 118173.58 226.39 EUR Million [+]
Imports 82714.00 92714.22 93035.90 346.78 EUR Million [+]
Current Account 27800.00 27200.00 30972.59 -13042.72 EUR Million [+]
External Debt 4628099.00 4676221.00 4831883.00 1929687.00 EUR Million [+]
Current Account to GDP 7.80 8.30 8.60 -1.70 percent [+]
Capital Flows 35668.58 27930.14 48098.56 -28680.00 EUR Million [+]
Foreign Direct Investment -2737.01 13092.51 141351.68 -32189.54 EUR Million [+]
Gold Reserves 3373.64 3373.74 3468.60 3373.64 Tonnes [+]
Terrorism Index 4.92 4.31 4.92 1.77 [+]
Tourist Arrivals 35555.00 34971.00 35555.00 14347.00 Thousand [+]
Weapons Sales 2813.00 1792.00 3310.00 12.00 USD Million [+]
Crude Oil Production 43.00 45.00 79.00 42.00 BBL/D/1K [+]

Exports by Country  |   Exports by Category  |   Imports by Country  |   Imports by Category



Germany Balance of Trade

Germany runs regular trade surpluses since 1952, primarily due to strong exports of vehicles and other machinery. In 2016, the largest trade surpluses were recorded with the UK, the US, France, Austria, the UAE, Spain and Sweden; while the biggest trade deficits were recorded with China, Vietnam, Ireland, Russia and the Netherlands. This page provides - Germany Balance of Trade - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Germany Balance of Trade - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on February of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
18226.00 23666.55 25455.63 -535.91 1950 - 2017 EUR Million Monthly
Current Prices, NSA




balance of trade by Country
Country Last
Australia -1358.00 Dec/17
Brazil 2768.44 Jan/18
Canada -3186.30 Dec/17
China 203.40 Jan/18
Euro Area 25414.60 Dec/17
France -3468.00 Dec/17
Germany 18226.00 Dec/17
India -16298.47 Jan/18
Indonesia -676.90 Jan/18
Italy 5253.08 Dec/17
Japan -943.42 Jan/18
Mexico -156.97 Dec/17
Netherlands 4104.00 Dec/17
Russia 13700.00 Dec/17
South Korea 3700.00 Jan/18
Spain -2050000.00 Dec/17
Switzerland 1323.45 Jan/18
Turkey -9206.19 Dec/17
United Kingdom -4896.00 Dec/17
United States -53118.00 Dec/17


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