Brazil Inflation Rate  1980-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

Consumer prices in Brazil increased 2.68 percent year-on-year in March of 2018, below 2.84 percent in February and compared to market expectations of 2.71 percent. It is the lowest inflation rate since September, remaining below the central bank target of 4.5 percent ± 1.5 p.p. Considering the first three months of 2018, the cumulative inflation was 0.7 percent, the lowest since the real was implemented in 1994. Inflation Rate in Brazil averaged 355.70 percent from 1980 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 6821.31 percent in April of 1990 and a record low of 1.65 percent in December of 1998.

Brazil Inflation Rate
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Brazil Inflation Rate at 6-Month Low


Consumer prices in Brazil increased 2.68 percent year-on-year in March of 2018, below 2.84 percent in February and compared to market expectations of 2.71 percent. It is the lowest inflation rate since September, remaining below the central bank target of 4.5 percent ± 1.5 p.p. Considering the first three months of 2018, the cumulative inflation was 0.7 percent, the lowest since the real was implemented in 1994.

Year-on-year, prices decreased for food and non-alcoholic beverages (-1.63 percent) and articles for the residence (-1.03 percent). Increases were seen mostly in prices of transport (5.6 percent), housing (4.13 percent), health care (5.88 percent) and personal expenses (3.51 percent).

On a monthly basis, prices rose a meager 0.09 percent, below 0.32 percent in February and expectations of 0.12 percent. The biggest downward pressure came from transport cost (-0.25 percent compared to +0.74 percent in February), mainly due to a 15.42 percent slump in airline tickets. Communication prices declined 0.33 percent, following a 0.05 percent gain. On the other hand, the biggest upward impact came from health and personal care (prices up 0.48 percent after a 0.38 percent rise), mainly due to health insurance (1.06 percent). Housing cost increased 0.19 percent, slightly below 0.22 percent in February.


IBGE | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
4/10/2018 12:53:51 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-02-08 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 2.86% 2.95% 2.98% 3.04%
2018-03-09 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.84% 2.86% 2.85% 2.89%
2018-04-10 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.68% 2.84% 2.71% 2.9%
2018-05-10 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.68% 2.7%
2018-06-08 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.7%
2018-07-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.8%


Brazil Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 2.68 2.84 6821.31 1.65 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.09 0.32 82.39 -0.51 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 4950.95 4946.50 4950.95 0.00 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 2.91 3.20 9.45 2.91 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 3.80 8.30 2736.97 3.80 percent [+]
Producer Prices 704.13 698.75 714.02 0.00 Index Points [+]
Export Prices 131.52 130.37 187.34 65.75 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 117.91 116.19 145.42 59.42 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation -1.63 -1.37 5266.83 -2.30 percent [+]
Producer Prices Change -0.50 -2.00 6719.66 -4.77 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 8354.70 8338.86 8425.58 0.00 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 4780.04 4792.02 4792.02 0.00 Index Points [+]


Brazil Inflation Rate

In Brazil, the inflation rate measures a broad rise or fall in prices that consumers pay for a standard basket of goods. The most important categories of the index are: Food and beverages (26 percent of the total weight); transport (18 percent); housing (15 percent); health care (12 percent); and personal expenses (11 percent). Also, clothing accounts for 6 percent; education for 5 percent; household goods for 4 percent; and communication for 4 percent. Data is collected in the Metropolitan Areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador and Curitiba and in the cities of Goiânia and Brasília. This page provides - Brazil Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Brazil Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on April of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.68 2.84 6821.31 1.65 1980 - 2018 percent Monthly




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Australia 1.90 Mar/18
Brazil 2.68 Mar/18
Canada 2.30 Mar/18
China 2.10 Mar/18
Euro Area 1.30 Mar/18
France 1.60 Mar/18
Germany 1.60 Mar/18
India 4.28 Mar/18
Indonesia 3.40 Mar/18
Italy 0.80 Mar/18
Japan 1.10 Mar/18
Mexico 5.04 Mar/18
Netherlands 1.00 Mar/18
Russia 2.40 Mar/18
South Korea 1.30 Mar/18
Spain 1.20 Mar/18
Switzerland 0.80 Mar/18
Turkey 10.23 Mar/18
United Kingdom 2.50 Mar/18
United States 2.40 Mar/18


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