Brazil Inflation Rate  1980-2017 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

Consumer prices in Brazil increased 2.7 percent year-on-year in October of 2017, above 2.54 percent in September and compared to market expectations of 2.75 percent, mainly due to rising electricity cost. The inflation went up for the second month after touching 2.46 percent in August, the lowest since 1999. Yet, the cumulative inflation for the first ten months of the year stands at 2.21 percent, well below 5.78 percent in the same period of 2016. Inflation Rate in Brazil averaged 359.68 percent from 1980 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 6821.31 percent in April of 1990 and a record low of 1.65 percent in December of 1998.

Brazil Inflation Rate
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Brazil Inflation Rate Rises to 2.7% in October


Consumer prices in Brazil increased 2.7 percent year-on-year in October of 2017, above 2.54 percent in September and compared to market expectations of 2.75 percent, mainly due to rising electricity cost. The inflation went up for the second month after touching 2.46 percent in August, the lowest since 1999. Yet, the cumulative inflation for the first ten months of the year stands at 2.21 percent, well below 5.78 percent in the same period of 2016.

Year-on-year, prices rose faster for housing (5 percent compared to 4.1 percent in September), namely domestic fuels (12.09 percent) and electricity (5.68 percent); health and personal care (6.86 percent compared to 6.77 percent) and personal expenses (5.05 percent compared to 4.73 percent). Inflation for communication was steady at 2.01 percent and cost of food and non-alcoholic beverages fell 2.14 percent, the same as in September. On the other hand, prices rose less for transport (3.73 percent compared to 3.99 percent); clothing (2.45 percent compared to 6.77 percent) and education (7.05 percent compared to 7.15 percent).

On a monthly basis, consumer prices went up 0.42 percent, above 0.16 percent in September and the highest since August of 2016. The housing index went up 1.33 percent and made the largest upward impact, mainly due to a 3.28 percent surge in electricity cost after a tax increase. In October, a new fee came into effect, representing an additional charge of BRL 3.50 per 100 kwh consumed. In September, the fee was lower at BRL 2.00 per 100 kwh consumed.

IBGE | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
11/10/2017 11:41:28 AM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-09-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.46% 2.71% 2.6% 2.7%
2017-10-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.54% 2.46% 2.47% 2.5%
2017-11-10 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 2.70% 2.54% 2.75% 2.6%
2017-12-08 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 2.70% 2.75%


Brazil Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 2.70 2.54 6821.31 1.65 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.42 0.16 82.39 -0.51 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 4881.25 4860.83 4881.25 0.00 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 3.84 3.91 9.45 3.84 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 8.30 7.97 2736.97 4.24 percent [+]
Producer Prices 679.10 679.31 714.02 0.00 Index Points [+]
Export Prices 125.44 121.59 187.34 65.75 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 112.48 112.97 145.42 59.42 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation -2.14 -2.14 5266.83 -2.14 percent [+]
Producer Prices Change -3.50 -4.40 6719.66 -4.77 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 8319.92 8210.72 8319.92 0.00 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 4623.85 4601.30 4623.85 0.00 Index Points [+]


Brazil Inflation Rate

In Brazil, the inflation rate measures a broad rise or fall in prices that consumers pay for a standard basket of goods. The most important categories of the index are: Food and beverages (26 percent of the total weight); transport (18 percent); housing (15 percent); health care (12 percent); and personal expenses (11 percent). Also, clothing accounts for 6 percent; education for 5 percent; household goods for 4 percent; and communication for 4 percent. Data is collected in the Metropolitan Areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador and Curitiba and in the cities of Goiânia and Brasília. This page provides - Brazil Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Brazil Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on November of 2017.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.70 2.54 6821.31 1.65 1980 - 2017 percent Monthly




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Australia 1.80 Sep/17
Brazil 2.70 Oct/17
Canada 1.40 Oct/17
China 1.90 Oct/17
Euro Area 1.40 Oct/17
France 1.10 Oct/17
Germany 1.60 Oct/17
India 3.58 Oct/17
Indonesia 3.58 Oct/17
Italy 1.00 Oct/17
Japan 0.70 Sep/17
Mexico 6.37 Oct/17
Netherlands 1.30 Oct/17
Russia 2.70 Oct/17
South Korea 1.80 Oct/17
Spain 1.60 Oct/17
Switzerland 0.70 Oct/17
Turkey 11.90 Oct/17
United Kingdom 3.00 Oct/17
United States 2.00 Oct/17