Brazil Inflation Rate  1980-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

Consumer prices in Brazil increased 2.86 percent year-on-year in January of 2018, easing from a 2.95 percent rise in December. The inflation rate came below market expectations of 2.98 percent as housing cost grew less and cost of food declined further. Inflation Rate in Brazil averaged 357.28 percent from 1980 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 6821.31 percent in April of 1990 and a record low of 1.65 percent in December of 1998.

Brazil Inflation Rate
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Brazil Inflation Rate Below Expectations


Consumer prices in Brazil increased 2.86 percent year-on-year in January of 2018, easing from a 2.95 percent rise in December and below market expectations of 2.98 percent.

Year-on-year, prices rose less mainly for housing (5.18 percent compared to 6.26 percent in December) while food cost continued to fall (-1.49 percent compared to -1.87 percent). On the other hand, transport cost accelerated (4.4 percent compared to 4.1 percent). 

On a monthly basis, consumer prices rose 0.29 percent, the least for a January month since the series began in 1980 and the below 0.44 percent in December and forecasts of 0.41 percent. Main downward pressure came from cost of housing (prices fell 0.85 percent), namely electricity (-4.73 percent) amid lower fees and clothing (-0.98 percent). On the other hand, upward pressure came from food and beverages (0.74 percent compared to 0.54 percent in December), namely tomatoes (45.71 percent), carrots (18.54 percent) and potatoes (10.85 percent). Transport made the second highest upward contribution (prices up 1.1 percent compared to 1.23 percent in December), namely gasoline (2.44 percent), ethanol (3.55 percent) and public bus. 


IBGE | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
2/8/2018 12:18:38 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-12-08 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 2.80% 2.70% 2.88% 2.78%
2018-01-10 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 2.95% 2.80% 2.8% 2.9%
2018-02-08 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 2.86% 2.95% 2.98% 3.04%
2018-03-09 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.86% 3.1%
2018-04-10 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 3.1%
2018-05-10 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 3.2%


Brazil Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 2.86 2.95 6821.31 1.65 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.29 0.44 82.39 -0.51 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 4930.72 4916.46 4930.72 0.00 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 3.40 3.83 9.45 3.40 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 8.30 7.97 2736.97 4.24 percent [+]
Producer Prices 697.68 693.66 714.02 0.00 Index Points [+]
Export Prices 129.16 126.64 187.34 65.75 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 117.23 115.37 145.42 59.42 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation -1.49 -1.87 5266.83 -2.30 percent [+]
Producer Prices Change -2.50 -2.50 6719.66 -4.77 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 8320.55 8391.88 8425.58 0.00 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 4756.82 4705.06 4756.82 0.00 Index Points [+]


Brazil Inflation Rate

In Brazil, the inflation rate measures a broad rise or fall in prices that consumers pay for a standard basket of goods. The most important categories of the index are: Food and beverages (26 percent of the total weight); transport (18 percent); housing (15 percent); health care (12 percent); and personal expenses (11 percent). Also, clothing accounts for 6 percent; education for 5 percent; household goods for 4 percent; and communication for 4 percent. Data is collected in the Metropolitan Areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador and Curitiba and in the cities of Goiânia and Brasília. This page provides - Brazil Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Brazil Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on February of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.86 2.95 6821.31 1.65 1980 - 2018 percent Monthly




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Australia 1.90 Dec/17
Brazil 2.86 Jan/18
Canada 1.90 Dec/17
China 1.50 Jan/18
Euro Area 1.30 Jan/18
France 1.30 Jan/18
Germany 1.60 Jan/18
India 5.07 Jan/18
Indonesia 3.25 Jan/18
Italy 0.90 Jan/18
Japan 1.40 Jan/18
Mexico 5.55 Jan/18
Netherlands 1.50 Jan/18
Russia 2.20 Jan/18
South Korea 1.00 Jan/18
Spain 0.60 Jan/18
Switzerland 0.70 Jan/18
Turkey 10.35 Jan/18
United Kingdom 3.00 Jan/18
United States 2.10 Jan/18


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