Brazil Inflation Rate  1980-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

Annual inflation rate in Brazil increased to 4.53 percent in September of 2018 from 4.19 percent in August, above market expectations of 4.45 percent. It is the highest inflation rate since March of 2017, mainly driven by higher oil and food prices and reaching the midpoint of the central bank's target range of 4.5 percent +/- 1.5 percent. Inflation Rate in Brazil averaged 351.05 percent from 1980 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 6821.31 percent in April of 1990 and a record low of 1.65 percent in December of 1998.

Brazil Inflation Rate
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Brazil Inflation Rate at 1-1/2-Year High


Annual inflation rate in Brazil increased to 4.53 percent in September of 2018 from 4.19 percent in August, above market expectations of 4.45 percent. It is the highest inflation rate since March of 2017, mainly driven by higher oil and food prices and reaching the midpoint of the central bank's target range of 4.5 percent +/- 1.5 percent.

Year-on-year, prices rose faster for food and non-alcoholic beverages (2.68 percent compared to 2.15 percent); transport (6.93 percent compared to 5.98 percent in August), namely fuels (17.69 percent compared to 15.13 percent); housing (7.8 percent compared to 7.28 percent), namely electricity (20.37 percent compared to 16.85 percent); and education (5.27 percent comapred to 5.06 percent). On the other hand, inflation eased for clothing and footwear (1.22 percent compared to 1.52 percent); health and personal care (5.39 percent compared to 5.44 percent); household goods (1.07 percent compared to 1.1 percent); and communications (0.41 percent compared to 0.97 percent).

On a monthly basis, consumer prices rose 0.48 percent, rebounding from a 0.09 percent drop in August and above market expectations of a 0.41 percent rise. It is the highest monthly rate for a September month since 2015 when prices went up 0.54 percent. Prices of food and beverages (0.1 percent compared to -0.34 percent in August) and transport (1.69 percent compared to -1.22 percent) rebounded while cost of housing eased slightly (0.37 percent compared to 0.44 percent). Biggest upward pressure came from cost of gasoline (3.94 percent compared to -1.45 percent), ethanol (5.42 percent compared to -4.69 percent), diesel oil (6.91 percent compared to -0.29 percent), air fares (16.81 percent compared to -26.12 percent), fruit (4.42 percent), rice (2.16 percent) and French bread (0.96 percent).


IBGE | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
10/5/2018 1:40:04 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-08-08 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 4.48% 4.39% 4.4% 4.3%
2018-09-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 4.19% 4.48% 4.3% 4.3%
2018-10-05 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 4.53% 4.19% 4.45% 4.4%
2018-11-07 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 4.53% 4.5%
2018-12-07 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 4.4%


Brazil Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 4.53 4.19 6821.31 1.65 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.48 -0.09 82.39 -0.51 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 5080.83 5056.56 5080.83 0.00 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 3.79 3.60 9.45 2.69 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 3.80 8.30 2736.97 3.80 percent [+]
Producer Prices 772.44 753.28 772.44 0.00 Index Points [+]
Export Prices 129.54 135.33 187.34 65.75 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 120.71 121.05 145.42 59.42 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation 2.68 2.20 5266.83 -2.30 percent [+]
Producer Prices Change 13.70 12.00 6719.66 -4.77 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 8852.07 8819.44 8852.07 0.00 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 4920.89 4839.11 4920.89 0.00 Index Points [+]


Brazil Inflation Rate

In Brazil, the inflation rate measures a broad rise or fall in prices that consumers pay for a standard basket of goods. The most important categories of the index are: Food and beverages (26 percent of the total weight); transport (18 percent); housing (15 percent); health care (12 percent); and personal expenses (11 percent). Also, clothing accounts for 6 percent; education for 5 percent; household goods for 4 percent; and communication for 4 percent. Data is collected in the Metropolitan Areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador and Curitiba and in the cities of Goiânia and Brasília. This page provides - Brazil Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Brazil Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on October of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.53 4.19 6821.31 1.65 1980 - 2018 percent Monthly




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Argentina 40.50 Sep/18
Australia 2.10 Jun/18
Brazil 4.53 Sep/18
Canada 2.20 Sep/18
China 2.50 Sep/18
Euro Area 2.10 Sep/18
France 2.20 Sep/18
Germany 2.30 Sep/18
India 3.77 Sep/18
Indonesia 2.88 Sep/18
Italy 1.40 Sep/18
Japan 1.20 Sep/18
Mexico 5.02 Sep/18
Netherlands 1.90 Sep/18
Russia 3.40 Sep/18
Saudi Arabia 2.20 Aug/18
Singapore 0.70 Aug/18
South Africa 4.90 Aug/18
South Korea 1.90 Sep/18
Spain 2.30 Sep/18
Switzerland 1.00 Sep/18
Turkey 24.52 Sep/18
United Kingdom 2.40 Sep/18
United States 2.30 Sep/18


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