Brazil Inflation Rate  1980-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

Inflation rate in Brazil increased to 2.76 percent year-on-year in April of 2018 from 2.68 percent in March and compared to market expectations of 2.82 percent. Prices rose faster for transport, housing and personal expenses while grew at a slower pace for health and food. Inflation Rate in Brazil averaged 354.91 percent from 1980 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 6821.31 percent in April of 1990 and a record low of 1.65 percent in December of 1998.

Brazil Inflation Rate
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Brazil April Inflation Rate Ticks Up to 2.76%


Inflation rate in Brazil increased to 2.76 percent year-on-year in April of 2018 from 2.68 percent in March and compared to market expectations of 2.82 percent. Still, the inflation rate remained far below the central bank target of 4.5 percent ± 1.5 p.p. Prices rose faster for transport, housing and personal expenses while grew at a slower pace for health and food. Considering the first four months of 2018, the cumulative inflation was 0.9 percent, the lowest for an April month since the real was implemented in 1994.

Year-on-year, inflation picked up for transport (5.67 percent vs 5.60 percent in March); housing (5.46 percent vs 4.13 percent) and personal expenses (3.54 percent vs 3.51 percent). On the other hand, prices slowed for health (5.78 percent vs 5.88 percent) and fell for food and non-alcoholic beverages (-2.11 percent vs -1.64 percent) and articles for the residence (-0.54 percent vs -1.03 percent).

On a monthly basis, consumer prices were up 0.22 percent, compared to a 0.09 percent increase in March and market estimates of a 0.28 percent rise. The biggest upward pressure stemmed from monthly cost of health and personal care (0.91 percent vs 0.48 percent), mainly due to medicines (1.52 percent) and health insurance (1.06 percent). Also, prices rose faster for clothing (0.62 percent vs 0.33 percent), especially for women (1.66 percent); articles for the residence (0.22 percent vs 0.08 percent), of which household appliances (0.42 percent); and personal expenses (0.12 percent vs 0.05 percent). Meantime, cost was flat for transport (from -0.25 percent in March), as increases in prices of car repair (1.31 percent) and gasoline (0.26 percent) offset declines in those of ethanol (-2.73 percent) and airline tickets (-2.67 percent). Housing prices increased 0.17 percent, slightly below 0.19 percent in March.



IBGE | Luisa Carvalho | luisa.carvalho@tradingeconomics.com
5/10/2018 1:50:43 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-03-09 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.84% 2.86% 2.85% 2.89%
2018-04-10 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.68% 2.84% 2.71% 2.9%
2018-05-10 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.76% 2.68% 2.82% 2.7%
2018-06-08 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.76% 2.7%
2018-07-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.8%
2018-08-08 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.8%


Brazil Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 2.76 2.68 6821.31 1.65 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.22 0.09 82.39 -0.51 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 4961.84 4950.95 4961.84 0.00 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 2.96 2.91 9.45 2.91 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 3.80 8.30 2736.97 3.80 percent [+]
Producer Prices 713.04 704.13 714.02 0.00 Index Points [+]
Export Prices 132.54 131.52 187.34 65.75 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 119.48 117.91 145.42 59.42 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation -2.11 -1.64 5266.83 -2.30 percent [+]
Producer Prices Change -0.50 -2.00 6719.66 -4.77 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 8368.90 8354.70 8425.58 0.00 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 4780.04 4780.04 4792.02 0.00 Index Points [+]


Brazil Inflation Rate

In Brazil, the inflation rate measures a broad rise or fall in prices that consumers pay for a standard basket of goods. The most important categories of the index are: Food and beverages (26 percent of the total weight); transport (18 percent); housing (15 percent); health care (12 percent); and personal expenses (11 percent). Also, clothing accounts for 6 percent; education for 5 percent; household goods for 4 percent; and communication for 4 percent. Data is collected in the Metropolitan Areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador and Curitiba and in the cities of Goiânia and Brasília. This page provides - Brazil Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Brazil Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.76 2.68 6821.31 1.65 1980 - 2018 percent Monthly




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Australia 1.90 Mar/18
Brazil 2.76 Apr/18
Canada 2.20 Apr/18
China 1.80 Apr/18
Euro Area 1.20 Apr/18
France 1.60 Apr/18
Germany 1.60 Apr/18
India 4.58 Apr/18
Indonesia 3.41 Apr/18
Italy 0.50 Apr/18
Japan 0.60 Apr/18
Mexico 4.55 Apr/18
Netherlands 0.90 Apr/18
Russia 2.40 Apr/18
South Korea 1.60 Apr/18
Spain 1.10 Apr/18
Switzerland 0.80 Apr/18
Turkey 10.85 Apr/18
United Kingdom 2.40 Apr/18
United States 2.50 Apr/18


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