Brazil Inflation Rate  1980-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

The annual inflation rate decreased to 4.19 percent in August 2018 from 4.48 percent in July and compared with market expectations of 4.3 percent. It was the lowest inflation rate since May, mainly due to slowing prices of transport and housing. Inflation Rate in Brazil averaged 351.81 percent from 1980 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 6821.31 percent in April of 1990 and a record low of 1.65 percent in December of 1998.

Brazil Inflation Rate
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Brazil Inflation Rate Falls More than Expected to 4.19%


The annual inflation rate decreased to 4.19 percent in August 2018 from 4.48 percent in July and compared with market expectations of 4.3 percent. It was the lowest inflation rate since May, mainly due to slowing prices of transport and housing.

Year-on-year, prices rose at a slower pace for: transport (5.98 percent vs 8.94 percent in July); housing (7.28 percent vs 7.41 percent) and clothing and footwear (1.52 percent vs 1.61 percent). In contrast, inflation picked up for: food and beverages (2.15 percent vs 1.40 percent); health and personal care (5.44 percent vs 5.31 percent); education (5.06 percent vs 5.05 percent); houshold goods (1.10 percent vs 0.74 percent) and communications (0.97 percent vs 0.38 percent).

On a monthly basis, consumer prices dropped 0.09 percent, following a 0.33 percent increase in July and against market expectations of a 0.27 percent rise. Cost was mainly pushed down by lower prices of transport (-1.22 percent vs 0.49 percent) and food and beverages (-0.34 percent vs -0.12 percent).


IBGE | Luisa Carvalho | luisa.carvalho@tradingeconomics.com
9/6/2018 12:17:02 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-07-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 4.39% 2.86% 4.42% 4.5%
2018-08-08 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 4.48% 4.39% 4.4% 4.3%
2018-09-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 4.19% 4.48% 4.3% 4.3%
2018-10-05 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 4.19% 4.1%
2018-11-07 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 4.1%
2018-12-07 11:00 AM Inflation Rate YoY 4.0%


Brazil Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 4.19 4.48 6821.31 1.65 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom -0.09 0.33 82.39 -0.51 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 5056.56 5061.11 5061.11 0.00 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 3.60 3.57 9.45 2.69 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 3.80 8.30 2736.97 3.80 percent [+]
Producer Prices 753.28 745.89 753.28 0.00 Index Points [+]
Export Prices 135.33 133.48 187.34 65.75 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 121.05 121.42 145.42 59.42 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation 2.20 1.40 5266.83 -2.30 percent [+]
Producer Prices Change 11.20 9.80 6719.66 -4.77 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 8819.44 8780.80 8819.44 0.00 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 4839.11 4898.88 4898.88 0.00 Index Points [+]


Brazil Inflation Rate

In Brazil, the inflation rate measures a broad rise or fall in prices that consumers pay for a standard basket of goods. The most important categories of the index are: Food and beverages (26 percent of the total weight); transport (18 percent); housing (15 percent); health care (12 percent); and personal expenses (11 percent). Also, clothing accounts for 6 percent; education for 5 percent; household goods for 4 percent; and communication for 4 percent. Data is collected in the Metropolitan Areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador and Curitiba and in the cities of Goiânia and Brasília. This page provides - Brazil Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Brazil Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on September of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
4.19 4.48 6821.31 1.65 1980 - 2018 percent Monthly




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Argentina 34.40 Aug/18
Australia 2.10 Jun/18
Brazil 4.19 Aug/18
Canada 3.00 Jul/18
China 2.30 Aug/18
Euro Area 2.00 Aug/18
France 2.30 Aug/18
Germany 2.00 Aug/18
India 3.69 Aug/18
Indonesia 3.20 Aug/18
Italy 1.60 Aug/18
Japan 0.90 Jul/18
Mexico 4.90 Aug/18
Netherlands 2.30 Aug/18
Russia 3.10 Aug/18
Saudi Arabia 2.20 Jul/18
Singapore 0.60 Jul/18
South Africa 4.90 Aug/18
South Korea 1.40 Aug/18
Spain 2.20 Aug/18
Switzerland 1.20 Aug/18
Turkey 17.90 Aug/18
United Kingdom 2.70 Aug/18
United States 2.70 Aug/18


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