Brazil Inflation Rate  1980-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

Annual inflation rate in Brazil increased to 2.86 percent in May 2018 from 2.76 percent in April, against market expectations of a small decrease to 2.74 percent. It was the highest inflation rate since January, mainly due to rising prices of transport, namely fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Actually, this situation motivated the nationwide truckers’ strike in the final weeks of May. Inflation Rate in Brazil averaged 354.13 percent from 1980 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 6821.31 percent in April of 1990 and a record low of 1.65 percent in December of 1998.

Brazil Inflation Rate
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Brazil Inflation Rate Picks Up to 4-Month High of 2.86%


Annual inflation rate in Brazil increased to 2.86 percent in May 2018 from 2.76 percent in April, against market expectations of a small decrease to 2.74 percent. It was the highest inflation rate since January, mainly due to rising prices of transport, namely fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Actually, this situation motivated the nationwide truckers’ strike in the final weeks of May.

Year-on-year, prices continued to advance mainly for transport (6.54 percent vs 5.67 percent in April), namely fuels (19.59 percent vs 16.65 percent) such as gasoline (21.48 percent vs 17.95 percent) and diesel (19.78 percent vs 12.47 percent). Meanwhile, inflation slowed for housing (4.11 percent vs 5.46 percent); health (5.72 percent vs 5.78 percent); personal expenses (3.42 percent vs 3.54 percent); clothing and footwear (2.18 percent vs 2.59 percent). Also, cost fell for food and beverages (-1.46 percent vs -2.11 percent) and articles for the residence (-0.37 percent vs -0.54 percent).

On a monthly basis, consumer prices went up 0.4 percent, after a 0.22 percent increase in April and slightly above market consensus of 0.3 percent. The most significant monthly price rises were recorded for: housing (0.83 percent vs 0.17 percent), mainly due to readjustments in electricity (3.53 percent vs 0.99 percent); transport (0.40 percent after being flat in April), due to higher cost of gasoline (3.34 percent vs 0.26 percent) and diesel (6.16 percent vs 1.84 percent); and food and beverages (0.32 percent vs 0.09 percent), for both consumption at home (0.36 percent vs 0.27 percent) and out of home (0.26 percent vs -0.22 percent).


IBGE | Luisa Carvalho | luisa.carvalho@tradingeconomics.com
6/8/2018 2:27:37 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-04-10 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.68% 2.84% 2.71% 2.9%
2018-05-10 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.76% 2.68% 2.82% 2.7%
2018-06-08 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.86% 2.76% 2.74% 2.7%
2018-07-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.86% 3.7%
2018-08-08 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.8%
2018-09-06 12:00 PM Inflation Rate YoY 2.9%


Brazil Prices Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Inflation Rate 2.86 2.76 6821.31 1.65 percent [+]
Inflation Rate Mom 0.40 0.22 82.39 -0.51 percent [+]
Consumer Price Index CPI 4981.69 4961.84 4981.69 0.00 Index Points [+]
Core Inflation Rate 2.69 2.96 9.45 2.69 percent [+]
GDP Deflator 3.80 8.30 2736.97 3.80 percent [+]
Producer Prices 729.83 713.04 729.83 0.00 Index Points [+]
Export Prices 135.78 132.54 187.34 65.75 Index Points [+]
Import Prices 123.46 119.48 145.42 59.42 Index Points [+]
Food Inflation -1.46 -2.11 5266.83 -2.30 percent [+]
Producer Prices Change 6.40 2.80 6719.66 -4.77 percent [+]
CPI Housing Utilities 8438.36 8368.90 8438.36 0.00 Index Points [+]
CPI Transportation 4799.16 4780.04 4799.16 0.00 Index Points [+]


Brazil Inflation Rate

In Brazil, the inflation rate measures a broad rise or fall in prices that consumers pay for a standard basket of goods. The most important categories of the index are: Food and beverages (26 percent of the total weight); transport (18 percent); housing (15 percent); health care (12 percent); and personal expenses (11 percent). Also, clothing accounts for 6 percent; education for 5 percent; household goods for 4 percent; and communication for 4 percent. Data is collected in the Metropolitan Areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador and Curitiba and in the cities of Goiânia and Brasília. This page provides - Brazil Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Brazil Inflation Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on June of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.86 2.76 6821.31 1.65 1980 - 2018 percent Monthly




inflation rate by Country
Country Last
Australia 1.90 Mar/18
Brazil 2.86 May/18
Canada 2.20 Apr/18
China 1.80 May/18
Euro Area 1.90 May/18
France 2.00 May/18
Germany 2.20 May/18
India 4.87 May/18
Indonesia 3.23 May/18
Italy 1.00 May/18
Japan 0.70 May/18
Mexico 4.51 May/18
Netherlands 1.70 May/18
Russia 2.40 May/18
South Korea 1.50 May/18
Spain 2.10 May/18
Switzerland 1.00 May/18
Turkey 12.15 May/18
United Kingdom 2.40 May/18
United States 2.80 May/18


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