Brazil Balance of Trade  1959-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

Brazil trade surplus decreased to USD 6.28 billion in March of 2018 from USD 7.14 billion a year ago and slightly below market expectations of a USD 6.4 billion surplus. Imports surged 6.7 percent to USD 13.81 billion while exports were barely unchanged at USD 20.09 billion compared to March 2017. Yet, when adjusted for the working day average, purchases jumped 16.9 percent while exports rose at a softer 9.6 percent. March 2018 had two less working days than March 2017. Balance of Trade in Brazil averaged 818.11 USD Million from 1959 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 7661.35 USD Million in May of 2017 and a record low of -4066.52 USD Million in January of 2014.

Brazil Balance of Trade
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Brazil Trade Surplus Narrows 12% YoY in March


Brazil trade surplus decreased to USD 6.28 billion in March of 2018 from USD 7.14 billion a year ago and slightly below market expectations of a USD 6.4 billion surplus. Imports picked up 6.7 percent while exports were barely unchanged. When adjusted for the working day average, purchases soared 16.9 percent, boosted by intermediate goods, consumption goods and fuels and lubricants. Meantime, exports rose 9.6 percent, driven by sales of basic goods and manufactured products. March 2018 had two less working days than March 2017.

When adjusted for the working day average, imports jumped 16.9 percent year-on-year to USD 13.81 billion, driven by purchases of: intermediate goods (12.2 percent); consumption goods (16.4 percent); fuels and lubricants (46.5 percent) and capital goods (20.5 percent). Among major import partners, purchases rose from the EU (20.6 percent share, imports up 7.8 percent); China (19.1 percent share and a 34.8 percent increase in imports) and the US (17.3 percent share and a 18.1 percent rise in purchases).

Exports advanced at a slower 9.6 percent to USD 20.09 billion, underpinned by sales of basic products (49.3 percent share) which grew 8.4 percent. Within this category, shipments rose mostly for: soy beans (6.4 percent); crude oil (41.7 percent); chicken meat (2.9 percent); soybean meal (27.9 percent); beef (31.3 percent); copper (22.6 percent) and tobacco leaf (127.2 percent). Also, manufactured products, which accounted for 35.6 percent of total sales, grew 8.3 percent, namely: fuel oils (149.7 percent); aircraft (39.3 percent); cargo vehicles (28.9 percent); earth-moving machinery (51.1 percent); aluminium oxide (7.1 percent); autoparts (25.7 percent) and engines for vehicles and parts (27.8 percent).

Among major export partners, shipments increased to the EU (42.1 percent share, sales up 20.6 percent); China (23.2 percent share, shipments rising 5.8 percent) and to the US (11.6 percent share, sales up 8.9 percent).

Considering the first quarter of 2018, imports climbed 15.8 percent to USD 36.05 billion while exports increased at a slower 11.3 percent to USD 54.37 billion, thus shrinking the trade surplus by 3.1 percent to USD 13.95 billion.


MDIC | Luisa Carvalho | luisa.carvalho@tradingeconomics.com
4/3/2018 10:28:19 AM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-02-01 05:00 PM Balance of Trade $2.77B $5B $3.03B $ 4.1B
2018-03-01 06:00 PM Balance of Trade $4.91B $2.77B $5.1B $ 3.3B
2018-04-02 06:00 PM Balance of Trade $6.28B $4.91B $6.4B $ 5B
2018-05-02 06:00 PM Balance of Trade $6.28B $ 3.6B
2018-06-01 06:00 PM Balance of Trade $ 3.8B
2018-07-03 06:00 PM Balance of Trade $ 7.6B


Brazil Trade Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Balance of Trade 6280.75 4907.06 7661.35 -4066.52 USD Million [+]
Exports 20089.26 17315.12 26158.51 75.06 USD Million [+]
Imports 13808.51 12408.04 23061.08 67.00 USD Million [+]
Current Account 283.20 -4310.00 3007.00 -13164.70 USD Million [+]
Current Account to GDP -0.48 -1.30 1.80 -8.20 percent [+]
External Debt 671782.54 683699.11 714292.15 64259.50 USD Million [+]
Terms of Trade 111.54 112.20 132.67 64.72 Index Points [+]
Capital Flows 558.50 -3632.00 2919.60 -13168.80 USD Million [+]
Foreign Direct Investment 4742.50 6465.70 20427.00 -24.10 USD Million [+]
Remittances 195.00 221.70 386.00 70.80 USD Million [+]
Gold Reserves 67.30 67.29 119.01 31.99 Tonnes [+]
Crude Oil Production 2612.00 2595.00 2730.00 330.00 BBL/D/1K [+]
Terrorism Index 1.57 1.74 2.69 0.00 [+]
Weapons Sales 45.00 111.00 269.00 1.00 USD Million [+]
Tourist Arrivals 6578.00 6306.00 6578.00 1991.00 Thousand [+]

Exports by Country  |   Exports by Category  |   Imports by Country  |   Imports by Category



Brazil Balance of Trade

From 2001 to 2012 and 2015 to 2017 Brazil has reported trade surpluses, primarily due to high export of mining and agricultural products. In 2017, the biggest trade surpluses were reported with China, Argentina, Netherlands, Iran, UAE, Egypt, Hong Kong, Singapore and United States and the biggest trade deficits with Germany, South Korea, France, Switzerland, Algeria and Australia. This page provides the latest reported value for - Brazil Balance of Trade - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. Brazil Balance of Trade - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on April of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
6280.75 4907.06 7661.35 -4066.52 1959 - 2018 USD Million Monthly




balance of trade by Country
Country Last
Australia 825.00 Feb/18
Brazil 6280.75 Mar/18
Canada -2686.00 Feb/18
China -49.83 Mar/18
Euro Area 18897.50 Feb/18
France -5186.00 Feb/18
Germany 18400.00 Feb/18
India -13690.00 Mar/18
Indonesia 1091.70 Mar/18
Italy 3104.28 Feb/18
Japan 797.35 Mar/18
Mexico 1062.00 Feb/18
Netherlands 4514.00 Feb/18
Russia 12192.00 Feb/18
South Korea 6865.00 Mar/18
Spain -2167000.00 Feb/18
Switzerland 3215.34 Feb/18
Turkey -5760.71 Feb/18
United Kingdom -965.00 Feb/18
United States -57591.00 Feb/18


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