Euro Area Unemployment Rate  1995-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The unemployment rate in the Euro Area was steady at 8.7 percent in December of 2017, the same as in November and in line with market expectations. It remains the lowest jobless rate since January 2009. Unemployment Rate in the Euro Area averaged 9.76 percent from 1995 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 12.10 percent in February of 2013 and a record low of 7.30 percent in November of 2007.

Euro Area Unemployment Rate
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Euro Area Jobless Rate Unchanged at 8.7%


The unemployment rate in the Euro Area was steady at 8.7 percent in December of 2017, the same as in November and in line with market expectations. It remains the lowest jobless rate since January 2009.

Compared with November, the number of unemployed in the Euro Area decreased by 134,000 to 14.137 million. Compared with the previous year, it fell by 1.536 million.

Considering the European Union, the unemployment rate stood at 7.3 percent, the same as in November and the lowest since October of 2008. There were 17.961 million unemployed persons, down by 165 thousand from November and 2.066 million from December 2016.

Among EU Member States, the lowest unemployment rates in December 2017 were recorded in the Czech Republic (2.3 percent), Malta and Germany (both 3.6 percent) and the highest in Greece (20.7 percent in October 2017) and Spain (16.4 percent). Compared with a year ago, the largest decreases were registered in Greece (from 23.3 percent to 20.7 percent between October 2016 and October 2017), Croatia (from 12.5 percent to 10.0 percent), Portugal (from 10.2 percent to 7.8 percent) and Spain (from 18.5 percent to 16.4 percent).

The youth unemployment rate was 16.1 percent in the EU28 and 17.9 percent in the euro area, compared with 18 percent and 20.3 percent respectively in December 2016. 3.654 million young persons (under 25) were unemployed in the EU28, of whom 2.574 million were in the euro area. Compared with December 2016, youth unemployment decreased by 411 000 in the EU28 and by 301 000 in the euro area.


Eurostat | Joana Taborda | joana.taborda@tradingeconomics.com
1/31/2018 10:26:20 AM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-11-30 10:00 AM Unemployment Rate 8.8% 8.9% 8.9% 8.9%
2018-01-09 10:00 AM Unemployment Rate 8.7% 8.8% 8.7% 8.8%
2018-01-31 10:00 AM Unemployment Rate 8.7% 8.7% 8.7% 8.7%
2018-03-01 10:00 AM Unemployment Rate 8.7% 8.7% 8.7%
2018-04-04 09:00 AM Unemployment Rate 8.7%
2018-05-02 09:00 AM Unemployment Rate 8.7%


Euro Area Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 8.70 8.70 12.10 7.30 percent [+]
Unemployed Persons 14034.00 14163.00 19193.00 11368.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 156.28 155.68 156.28 117.36 Million [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 4.20 4.40 6.30 2.70 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 17.90 18.20 24.80 14.80 percent [+]
Productivity 104.60 104.20 104.60 82.60 Index Points [+]
Labour Costs 104.20 111.20 112.30 85.10 Index Points [+]
Wage Growth 1.60 2.10 3.40 0.80 percent [+]
Population 341.01 339.89 341.01 260.38 Million [+]
Employment Change 0.40 0.40 0.80 -0.70 percent [+]
Part Time Employment 30972.30 31435.80 31435.80 19769.20 Thousand [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 57.30 57.10 57.30 55.00 percent [+]
Full Time Employment 115241.00 113328.90 118857.50 107450.40 Thousand [+]
Retirement Age Men 64.54 64.47 64.63 62.37 [+]
Retirement Age Women 64.32 64.20 64.32 61.61 [+]


Euro Area Unemployment Rate

In Euro Area, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - Euro Area Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. Euro Area Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on February of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
8.70 8.70 12.10 7.30 1995 - 2017 percent Monthly
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unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
Spain 16.55 Dec/17
Brazil 11.80 Dec/17
Italy 10.80 Dec/17
Turkey 10.30 Nov/17
France 8.90 Dec/17
Euro Area 8.70 Dec/17
Canada 5.90 Jan/18
Australia 5.50 Jan/18
Indonesia 5.50 Sep/17
Russia 5.20 Jan/18
United Kingdom 4.40 Dec/17
Netherlands 4.20 Jan/18
United States 4.10 Jan/18
China 3.90 Dec/17
Germany 3.60 Dec/17
South Korea 3.60 Jan/18
India 3.46 Dec/16
Switzerland 3.30 Jan/18
Mexico 3.10 Dec/17
Japan 2.80 Dec/17


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