France Unemployment Rate  1996-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

The unemployment rate in France dropped to 8.9 percent in the three months to December of 2017 from 9.6 percent in the previous period. It was the lowest jobless rate since the first quarter of 2009. Meantime, the employment rate increased by 0.6 percentage points to 65.7 percent, its highest level since early 1980s; while the activity rate edged up to 72.0 percent from 71.9 percent in Q3. Unemployment Rate in France averaged 9.27 percent from 1996 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 10.70 percent in the first quarter of 1997 and a record low of 7.20 percent in the first quarter of 2008.

France Unemployment Rate
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French Q4 Jobless Rate Falls to Near 9-Year Low


The unemployment rate in France dropped to 8.9 percent in the three months to December of 2017 from 9.6 percent in the previous period. It was the lowest jobless rate since the first quarter of 2009. Meantime, the employment rate increased by 0.6 percentage points to 65.7 percent, its highest level since early 1980s; while the activity rate edged up to 72.0 percent from 71.9 percent in Q3.

The average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte) fell to 8.9 percent from 9.6 percent in the previous period. It was the lowest level since early 2009. In metropolitan France only, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.7 percentage points from the preceding quarter to 8.6 percent, as the number of unemployed fell by 205,000 to 2.5 million. The unemployment declined across all age groups, particularly among youths and persons aged 25 to 49. Among unemployed, 1.1 million were seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate  went down to 3.6 percent from 4.2 percent in Q3. 

In the fourth quarter, the employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years increased by 0.6 percentage points from the previous period to 65.7 percent, the highest level since early 1980s. It increased across all age groups, particularly among youths and persons aged 50 to 64. Over a year, the employment rate increased by 1.0 percentage points.

About 5.6 percent of the employed persons were underemployed, meaning that they had a part-time job but wished to work more. The ratio decreased by 0.5 percentage points compared to Q3, and by 0.6 percentage points year on year.

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 edged up to 72.0 oercent (from 71.9 percent in the September quarter). Over a year, it increased by 0.3 percentage points. Among inactive people, 1.5 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo of unemployment. Their number increased by 77,000 compared to Q3 and nearly steady over a year.


Insee l Rida Husna | rida@tradingeconomics.com
2/15/2018 8:07:30 AM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2017-08-17 05:30 AM Unemployment Rate 9.5% 9.6% 9.5%
2017-11-16 06:30 AM Unemployment Rate 9.7% 9.5% 9.7% 9.5%
2018-02-15 06:30 AM Unemployment Rate 8.9% 9.6% 9.7%
2018-05-23 05:30 AM Unemployment Rate 8.9% 9.1%
2018-08-17 05:30 AM Unemployment Rate 8.7%
2018-11-16 06:30 AM Unemployment Rate 8.5%


France Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 8.90 9.60 10.70 7.20 percent [+]
Employed Persons 27989.50 27950.40 27989.50 19530.70 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 3422.90 3463.10 3584.90 1975.90 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 65.70 65.10 65.70 63.50 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 3.60 4.20 5.00 2.40 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 21.60 21.70 26.20 14.50 percent [+]
Labour Costs 107.20 107.40 107.40 39.00 Index Points [+]
Productivity 114.12 113.60 114.12 20.68 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 271.70 292.50 363.80 121.10 Thousand [+]
Wages 2998.00 2956.00 2998.00 1751.73 EUR/Month [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 117.10 116.90 117.10 72.70 Index Points [+]
Minimum Wages 1498.47 1480.27 1498.47 1035.97 EUR/Month [+]
Wage Growth 0.10 0.30 1.00 0.10 percent [+]
Population 66.99 66.73 66.99 45.46 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 62.00 62.00 62.00 60.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 62.00 62.00 62.00 60.00 [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 72.00 71.90 72.00 69.50 percent [+]
Initial Jobless Claims -40.20 -0.30 74.30 -61.70 Thousand [+]
Living Wage Family 1700.00 1660.00 1700.00 1610.00 EUR/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1030.00 980.00 1030.00 930.00 EUR/Month [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 2778.20 2771.50 5475.10 2771.00 Thousand [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 25073.00 25000.30 25073.00 24299.60 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 19281.90 19199.60 19281.90 12409.60 Thousand [+]
Part Time Employment 4780.00 4795.00 4965.70 3802.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Change 0.20 0.20 0.70 -0.50 percent [+]
Full Time Employment 21870.30 21833.30 21870.30 18337.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 5791.10 5800.70 5808.50 5610.40 Thousand [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1630.00 1570.00 1630.00 1510.00 EUR/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 3160.00 3420.00 3420.00 3160.00 EUR/Month [+]


France Unemployment Rate

In France, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - France Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. France Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on April of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
8.90 9.60 10.70 7.20 1996 - 2017 percent Quarterly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
Spain 16.55 Dec/17
Brazil 12.60 Feb/18
Italy 10.90 Feb/18
Turkey 10.80 Jan/18
France 8.90 Dec/17
Euro Area 8.50 Feb/18
Canada 5.80 Mar/18
Australia 5.50 Mar/18
Indonesia 5.50 Sep/17
Russia 5.00 Mar/18
United Kingdom 4.20 Feb/18
United States 4.10 Mar/18
South Korea 4.00 Mar/18
China 3.90 Dec/17
Netherlands 3.90 Mar/18
India 3.52 Dec/17
Germany 3.50 Feb/18
Mexico 3.20 Feb/18
Switzerland 2.90 Mar/18
Japan 2.50 Feb/18


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