Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) in Kazakhstan was reported at 0.12286 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Kazakhstan - Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the World Bank on August of 2020.


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 kazakhstan research and development expenditure percent of gdp wb data


Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.


Kazakhstan | World Bank Development Indicators