Middle East & North Africa (developing only) - PPG, bilateral concessional (NFL, current US$)

PPG, bilateral concessional (NFL, current US$) in Middle East & North Africa (developing only) was reported at 1088437000 USD in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.



 middle east and north africa ppg bilateral concessional nfl us dollar wb data
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Bilateral debt includes loans from governments and their agencies (including central banks), loans from autonomous bodies, and direct loans from official export credit agencies. Concessional debt is defined as loans with an original grant element of 25 percent or more. The grant element of a loan is the grant equivalent expressed as a percentage of the amount committed. It is used as a measure of the overall cost of borrowing. The grant equivalent of a loan is its commitment (present) value, less the discounted present value of its contractual debt service; conventionally, future service payments are discounted at 10 percent. Net flows (or net lending or net disbursements) received by the borrower during the year are disbursements minus principal repayments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.


Middle East & North Africa (developing only) | External Debt