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The Human Opportunities Index (HOI) is an economic indicator that captures the degree of inequality of access to an essential service by different circumstance groups. This index takes into account the average access rate (the coverage) of a given opportunity (service) and the inequality of its distribution. The circumstances included in the HOI are the gender of the child, parents' education, household per capita income, number of siblings, presence of both parents in the household, gender of the household head, and urban or rural residence.An increase in the index can be related either to an increase in the coverage or to a more equal distribution of that service.