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TIMSS: Male 8th grade students who did not reach the low international benchmark of mathematics achievement (%) is the share of male 8th grade students scoring below 400 on the mathematics assessment. This indicator is calculated by subtracting the share of students reaching the low international benchmark from 100. Data reflects country performance in the stated year according to TIMSS reports, but may not be comparable across years or countries. Consult the TIMSS website for more detailed information: http://timss.bc.edu/