The main components with the highest annual rates in October 2012 were transport (4.1 percent), alcohol & tobacco and housing (both 4.0 percent), while the lowest annual rates were observed for communications (-3.5 percent), recreation & culture (1.0 percent), clothing and household equipment (both 1.2 percent). Concerning the detailed sub-indices, fuels for transport (+0.32 percentage points), heating oil (+0.10) and electricity (+0.09) had the largest upward impacts on the headline rate, while telecommunications (-0.19), cars (-0.08) and garments (-0.07) had the biggest downward impacts.
The main components with the highest monthly rates were clothing and education (both 2.2 percent) followed by alcohol & tobacco (0.9 percent), while the lowest monthly rates were observed for transport (-0.6 percent), communications (-0.4 percent), recreation & culture and hotels & restaurants (both -0.3 percent). In particular, garments (+0.10 percentage points), footwear, vegetables and tobacco (+0.03 each) had the largest upward impacts, while fuels for transport (-0.13), accommodation services (-0.05) and package holidays (-0.04) had the biggest downward impacts.
In October 2012, the lowest annual rates were observed in Greece (0.9 percent), Sweden (1.2 percent) and Latvia (1.6 percent), and the highest in Hungary (6.0 percent), Romania (5.0 percent) and Estonia (4.2 percent). Compared with September 2012, annual inflation fell in thirteen Member States, remained stable in four and rose in ten.