Year-on-year, prices rose faster for housing (5 percent compared to 4.1 percent in September), namely domestic fuels (12.09 percent) and electricity (5.68 percent); health and personal care (6.86 percent compared to 6.77 percent) and personal expenses (5.05 percent compared to 4.73 percent). Inflation for communication was steady at 2.01 percent and cost of food and non-alcoholic beverages fell 2.14 percent, the same as in September. On the other hand, prices rose less for transport (3.73 percent compared to 3.99 percent); clothing (2.45 percent compared to 6.77 percent) and education (7.05 percent compared to 7.15 percent).
On a monthly basis, consumer prices went up 0.42 percent, above 0.16 percent in September and the highest since August of 2016. The housing index went up 1.33 percent and made the largest upward impact, mainly due to a 3.28 percent surge in electricity cost after a tax increase. In October, a new fee came into effect, representing an additional charge of BRL 3.50 per 100 kwh consumed. In September, the fee was lower at BRL 2.00 per 100 kwh consumed.