Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 110,000 following increases of 93,000 in July and 89,000 in August (as revised). In September, health care, food services, and professional and technical services continued to add jobs, while employment trended down in manufacturing and construction.
Unemployment (Household Survey Data)
The number of unemployed persons (7.2 million) and the unemployment rate (4.7 percent) were essentially unchanged in September. A year earlier, the number of unemployed persons was 6.9 million and the jobless rate was 4.6 percent.
Over the month, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.2 percent), adult women (4.0 percent), teenagers (16.0 percent), whites (4.2 percent), blacks (8.1 percent), and Hispanics (5.7 percent) showed little or no change. The
unemployment rate for Asians was 3.2 percent, not seasonally adjusted.
Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)
Both total employment (146.3 million) and the civilian labor force (153.5 million) rose in September. Nearly half of the over-the-month increase in the labor force occurred among teenagers; this offset a labor force decline among that group in August. The employment-population ratio (62.9 percent) and the labor force participation rate (66.0 percent) were little changed over the month.
Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)
Nearly 1.3 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally attached to the labor force in September, about the same as a year earlier. These individuals wanted and were available to work and had looked for a job sometime during the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 276,000 discouraged workers in September, little different from a year earlier. Discouraged workers were not currently looking
for work specifically because they believed no jobs were available for them.
The nearly 1.0 million remaining persons marginally attached to the labor force in September had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance and family responsibilities.