Canada's unemployment rate remains at 6.1% in June


Employment growth resumed in June, up an estimated 35,000, following little change in April and May. Despite this gain, the national unemployment rate remained at 6.1% for the fifth consecutive month, as more people entered the labour force in June in search of work.

The rise in employment in June brings overall gains for the first half of 2007 to an estimated 197,000 (+1.2%), similar to the growth observed over the same period in 2006.

For the second straight month, full-time work increased while part-time employment fell. Adult women accounted for most of June's increase in full-time and all of the decline in part-time employment.

There were more people working in Quebec, Alberta and New Brunswick in June. Over the first half of 2007, the provinces with employment growth above the national average (+1.2%) were: New Brunswick (+3.1%), Alberta (+2.5%), British Columbia (+1.9%), Quebec (+1.8%) and Manitoba (+1.6%). In contrast, there were employment declines over the first half of 2007 in Newfoundland and Labrador as well as in Saskatchewan.

Ontario, which accounts for nearly 40% of total employment in Canada, registered growth of only 0.4% over the past six months. Employment growth since the start of 2007 in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island was also below the national average.

The largest employment increases in June were in retail and wholesale trade; business, building and other support services; and educational services. Manufacturing employment, however, continued its downward trend.

Over the first half of 2007, manufacturing employment plummeted by 4.3%. However, there has been robust growth in a number of industries, including information, culture and recreation; accommodation and food services; construction; utilities; and trade.

During the second quarter of 2007, average hourly wages rose by an estimated 3.2% from the same three-month period last year. According to the most recent comparable figures, the Consumer Price Index increased by 2.2%.


Canada's National Statistical Agency
7/6/2007 10:31:03 AM