Exports fell 2 percent to EUR 21.8 billion, driven by sales of equipment (-1.8 percent), autos (-23.7 percent) and chemicals (-4.4 percent). Exports decreased to the European Union (-3.4 percent), namely Italy (-2.2 percent), France (-2 percent) and Germany (-9 percent). Meanwhile, outside the EU, shipments declined to the US (-2.1 percent), China (-1.8 percent) and Japan (-4.1 percent).
Imports advanced 0.5 percent to EUR 23 billion, mainly led by purchases of energy (45.2 percent) and non-chemical semi-manufactures (8.3 percent). Imports decreased from the European Union (-6.7 percent), namely Italy (-5.1 percent), Germany (-13.3 percent) while rose from France (4.5 percent) and Portugal (5.4 percent). Outside the EU, shipments went up the most from Brazil (15.7 percent), China (5 percent) and Saudi Arabia (111 percent).
Spain recorded a EUR 1.6 billion trade surplus with the EU, higher than a EUR 1.2 billion surplus a year earlier. With non-EU countries, the trade deficit rose 52.5 percent year-on-year to EUR 2.8 billion.