Gross domestic product in the 15 euro countries increased 0.7 percent from the fourth quarter, the European Union's statistics office in Luxembourg said today. The pace exceeded the 0.5 percent median of 32 forecasts in a Bloomberg News survey and the 0.1 percent growth rate in the U.S. Germany's 1.5 percent expansion was more than double what economists expected.
Sustained growth reinforces the European Central Bank's case for holding off lowering interest rates as it tries to tame inflation, which remained above the ECB's 2 percent ceiling for an eighth month in April. The bank may still face a quandary as evidence mounts that the expansion is weakening, even in Germany.
Demand from emerging markets and streamlined production methods introduced since the 2001 slump are supporting Germany as other economies weaken. Commerzbank AG today revised up its growth forecast for Europe's largest economy to 2.4 percent this year from 1.8 percent, paving the way for it to enjoy only its third soft-landing since 1960.
The European economy was also boosted by faster-than-expected first-quarter growth in France, which helped to compensate for the weakest Spanish expansion in almost eight years. Strength at the core of the 15-nation euro-area marks a difference from the last downturn, which was driven by contractions in France and Germany. The two nations account for almost half of the region's GDP.
They may not prove invulnerable for much longer as more recent data suggest Europe is stumbling as the U.S. slowdown and stronger euro weaken exports, and tighter credit and record commodity costs hurt consumers and companies. Germany's first- quarter expansion was driven by the construction industry, which benefited from a milder-than-usual winter.
Confidence among executives and households declined to the lowest in two and a half years last month, while industrial production fell in March for the first time in four months. Confidence in Europe's economy dropped to the lowest level in five years in the second quarter, the Munich-based Ifo institute said today, citing its quarterly World Economic Survey.
The ECB has so far signaled no rush to cut rates having kept its benchmark at a six-year high of 4 percent since June even as the U.S. Federal Reserve and Bank of England cut borrowing costs. Figures published today showed inflation remained above the ECB's ceiling in April, even as it eased to 3.3 percent from a 16-year high of 3.6 percent in March.
From a year earlier, the euro-area economy grew 2.2 percent, according to today's report. The figures are the first estimate and the statistics office didn't publish a breakdown of the data.
Germany's first-quarter expansion was led by companies stepping up spending on machinery and construction. HeidelbergCement AG, Germany's biggest cement maker, said on May 8 that first-quarter sales almost doubled, led by eastern Europe and Asia.
In France, the economy grew 0.6 percent, double the prior quarter's growth and stronger than the 0.4 percent predicted by economists. Austria's economy expanded 0.8 percent.
At the same time, Spanish growth slowed to 0.3 percent from 0.8 percent as a credit shortage exacerbates a housing slump. Expansion in the Netherlands faded to 0.2 percent from 1.2 percent. While Italy doesn't release GDP data until May 23, some economists say it may already be in a recession.